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Database Searching

Main.DatabaseSearching History

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November 27, 2017, at 01:46 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
Deleted lines 11-15:

LEXIS ADVANCE PREVIEW
A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to try it out [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]

September 21, 2017, at 11:07 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
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A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]
to:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to try it out [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]
September 21, 2017, at 11:07 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
Changed line 14 from:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to[[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]
to:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to  [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]
September 21, 2017, at 11:07 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
Changed lines 14-15 from:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon- [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745
| here's a sneak peak]] 
to:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon click this link to[[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745]]
September 21, 2017, at 11:04 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
Changed lines 14-15 from:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon- [[https://advance.lexis.com/firsttime?crid=7428d20c-b85d-49fa-801e-12469843a81e| here's a sneak peak]]
to:
A new LexisNexis is coming soon- [[https://advance.lexis.com/nz?federationidp=HC3SRN51745
| here's a sneak peak]]
September 19, 2017, at 03:45 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
Added lines 12-16:

LEXIS ADVANCE PREVIEW
A new LexisNexis is coming soon- [[https://advance.lexis.com/firsttime?crid=7428d20c-b85d-49fa-801e-12469843a81e| here's a sneak peak]]

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May 17, 2016, at 02:08 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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'''[+Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching+]'''
to:
''[+Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching+]''
May 17, 2016, at 02:07 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
Changed line 63 from:
[+Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching+]
to:
'''[+Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching+]'''
May 17, 2016, at 02:06 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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[[<<]]
to:

May 17, 2016, at 02:05 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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May 17, 2016, at 02:02 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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April 27, 2016, at 04:55 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though. You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
[[#
right]]
to:

There are several options for locating databases.
* The
databases tab on Library search allows you to search for a database by name.
* All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law
. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages.
* You can also link directly to legal
[=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
April 27, 2016, at 04:48 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
Changed lines 22-24 from:
The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
to:
The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though. You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
April 27, 2016, at 04:47 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on mobile devices. Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
to:
You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on mobile devices. Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only.
April 27, 2016, at 02:38 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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Your first set of [=results=] may be exactly what you want. Sometimes there may be too many, and they're too general, or there are none or not enough or even none at all. These tips may help to solve the problem.
to:
Your first set of [=results=] may not be exactly what you want. Sometimes there may be too many, and they're too general, or there are none or not enough or even none at all. These tips may help to solve the problem.
April 27, 2016, at 02:34 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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[++Acess++]
to:
[++Access++]
April 27, 2016, at 02:34 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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[++Access++]
to:
[++Acess++]
April 27, 2016, at 02:33 PM by 130.217.128.31 -
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[++[=General Information=]++]
to:
[++Access++]
April 14, 2016, at 12:28 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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Databases:  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
to:
General Information:  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
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[++[=Databases=]++]
to:
[++[=General Information=]++]
April 14, 2016, at 12:27 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#res|Results]]  &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#broad| Broadening and narrowing]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#too| Too many or not enough results]]
to:
Results: [[#broad| Broadening and narrowing]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#too| Too many or not enough results]]
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[[#res]]
to:
April 14, 2016, at 12:24 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[++Phrases, [=truncation=] and [=wildcards=], and [=field searching=]++]
to:
[+Phrases, [=truncation=] and [=wildcards=], and [=field searching=]+]
April 14, 2016, at 12:21 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#dat|Databases]]:  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
[[#sch|Search types]]:  [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
to:
Databases:  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
Search types:  [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
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[[#dat]]
to:

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[++ Searching++]
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[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]
to:
[+Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching+]
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[[#sch]]

[[<<]]
[++Search types++]

Successful [=database=]  searches often use special techniques  such as  [=phrase searching=] and [=truncation=]. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable [=field=] searching.

In a  [=phrase search=]  two or more [=keywords=] are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
[=Truncation=] involves replacing the last part of a [=keyword=] with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that [=keyword=], without you having to type them all out.
Wildcards are used to replace letters within a word to cover spelling variations and singular and plural forms of a word.
Search templates for a [=field=] search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the  [=database=].
A  few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few [=keywords=]. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant [=results=], and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.
[[#wild]]
to:


April 13, 2016, at 12:36 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on mobile devices. Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
to:
You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on mobile devices. Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
April 11, 2016, at 02:29 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[+Where are they?+]\\
to:
''[+Where are they?+]''\\
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[+How do I know which one to use?+]\\
to:
''[+How do I know which one to use?+]''\\
April 11, 2016, at 02:28 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[+Who can use them?+]\\
to:
''[+Who can use them?+]''\\
April 11, 2016, at 02:27 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[<<]]
to:
April 11, 2016, at 02:27 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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April 11, 2016, at 02:25 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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The Library subscribes to a large number of [=databases=] containing different types of content. This module will help you to use the Library's [=databases=] for your research.
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Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
to:
You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on mobile devices. Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
Changed line 25 from:
The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!
to:
The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!
April 11, 2016, at 10:12 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
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*See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
*See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database search symbols]]
April 16, 2014, at 03:29 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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(:table  width=90%  cellpadding=20% cellpadding=5%  :) 
to:
(:table  width=90%  cellpadding=10% cellpadding=10%  :) 
April 16, 2014, at 03:27 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]\\
to:
[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]
April 16, 2014, at 03:27 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
April 16, 2014, at 03:26 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[+Who can use them?+]
to:
[+Who can use them?+]\\
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[+Where are they?+]
to:
[+Where are they?+]\\
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[+How do I know which one to use?+]
to:
[+How do I know which one to use?+]\\
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[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]
to:
[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]\\
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April 16, 2014, at 03:24 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#sch|Search types]]:  [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
to:
[[#sch|Search types]]:  [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
April 16, 2014, at 03:24 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#dat|Databases]] &nbsp;  &nbsp;  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]]\\
[[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;
[[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
to:
[[#dat|Databases]]:  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
[[#sch|Search types]]:  [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
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->See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
*See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
April 16, 2014, at 03:22 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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*[[#dat|Databases]] &nbsp;  -  &nbsp;  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]]
*[[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]] 
*
[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
*[[#res|Results]]  &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#broad| Broadening and narrowing]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#too| Too many or not enough results]]
to:
[[#dat|Databases]] &nbsp;  -  &nbsp;  [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]]\\
[[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]\\
[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#res|Results]]  &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#broad| Broadening and narrowing]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#too| Too many or not enough results]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:52 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents
to:
New Zealand legal [=sources=] including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents
March 03, 2014, at 11:51 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[=Field=] searches\\
to:
[=Advanced search templates=]\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:42 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a |Attach:fieldfront.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=d5e9562a-6fb3-498a-af5f-9e9ba8744104 |Attach:fieldfront.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:40 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d  target="blank"|Attach:1front.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d|Attach:1front.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b83eeb30-8e24-41f4-8447-430c218a31ac|Attach:temps.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f4907058-24a5-4f74-8b18-500a475e63b0 |Attach:bool.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|Attach:free.png]]
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=3ed60316-0692-4763-a146-35f68c77f649|Attach:phrasefront.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=3ed60316-0692-4763-a146-35f68c77f649|Attach:phrasefront.png]]
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b94dd21d-8d2d-45d4-8b68-02c7ae39095d|Attach:truncfgront.png]]
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%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b94dd21d-8d2d-45d4-8b68-02c7ae39095d|Attach:truncfgront.png]]
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a |Attach:fieldfront.png]]
to:
%newwin%[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a |Attach:fieldfront.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:39 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d; target=blank|Attach:1front.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d  target="blank"|Attach:1front.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:38 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d|Attach:1front.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d; target=blank|Attach:1front.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:37 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b83eeb30-8e24-41f4-8447-430c218a31acTerms 1|Attach:temps.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b83eeb30-8e24-41f4-8447-430c218a31ac|Attach:temps.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:36 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:35 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:29 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:29 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 164-165 from:
*add one or two more [=keywords=] (narrowing)
*a [=phrase search=] could also be useful: consider whether some [=keyword=] combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
to:
*Add one or two more [=keywords=] (narrowing)
*A [=phrase search=] could also be useful: consider whether some [=keyword=] combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
Changed lines 170-174 from:
*check that you're using the right  [=database=]
*remove (or change) some [=keywords=] (broadening)
*check for spelling / typing errors
*are the terms appropriate for the  [=database=]  content?
*use [=truncation=]: possess! rather than possession
to:
*Check that you're using the right  [=database=]
*Remove (or change) some [=keywords=] (broadening)
*Check for spelling / typing errors
*Are the terms appropriate for the  [=database=]  content?
*Use [=truncation=]: possess! rather than possession
March 03, 2014, at 11:27 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 79-80 from:
Search statements\\
to:
Search statements 
Changed lines 117-118 from:
These videos explain how [=phrase searching=], [=truncation and wildcards=],  and [=field=] searching work. 
to:
These videos explain how [=phrase searching=], [=truncation and wildcards=],  and [=field=] searching work.
Changed line 124 from:
*How to use phrases in a search statement.
to:
*How to use phrases in a search statement
Changed lines 131-132 from:
*How [=truncation and wildcards=] work.
*Where to [=truncate=].
to:
*How [=truncation and wildcards=] work
*Where to [=truncate=]
March 03, 2014, at 11:25 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 77-78 from:
Search templates\\ 
Keywords\\ 
to:
Search templates\\
Keywords\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:25 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 77-79 from:
*Search templates
*Keywords
*Search statements
to:
Search templates\\
Keywords\\
Search statements\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:24 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 86 from:
*Boolean connectors
to:
Boolean connectors
March 03, 2014, at 11:24 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 128 from:
[+[=Truncation=] +]
to:
[+[=Truncation=] +]\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:23 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 166 from:
 
to:
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:22 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:22 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 45 from:
For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:
to:
For example, the [=scope=] statement for Westlaw NZ states:
March 03, 2014, at 11:22 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 21 from:
to:
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 11:21 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 22-26 from:
->[+Who can use them?+]

-> Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

-> You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
to:
[+Who can use them?+]

Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
Changed lines 30-34 from:
-> [+Where are they?+]

-> The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

-> You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
to:
[+Where are they?+]

The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
Changed lines 39-42 from:
-> [+How do I know which one to use?+]

-> Under the title of each  [=database=]  in the list of legal [=databases=] you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that  [=database=] , the period covered, and whether the  [=database=]  provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement. You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the  [=database=]  is current.
to:
[+How do I know which one to use?+]

Under the title of each  [=database=]  in the list of legal [=databases=] you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that  [=database=] , the period covered, and whether the  [=database=]  provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement. You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the  [=database=]  is current.
Changed lines 45-47 from:
-> For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:

-->'''Westlaw NZ'''\\
to:
For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:

->'''Westlaw NZ'''\\
Changed line 49 from:
-->and news, as well as tax information.
to:
->and news, as well as tax information.
March 03, 2014, at 11:20 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:20 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 53-55 from:
-> This video describes how to access the legal  [=databases=], who can access them,and how to decide which one to use.

-> (:table width=60%:)
to:
This video describes how to access the legal  [=databases=], who can access them,and how to decide which one to use.

(:table width=60%:)
March 03, 2014, at 11:20 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 53-55 from:
This video describes how to access the legal  [=databases=], who can access them,and how to decide which one to use.

(:table width=60%:)
to:
-> This video describes how to access the legal  [=databases=], who can access them,and how to decide which one to use.

-> (:table width=60%:)
March 03, 2014, at 11:19 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 22-26 from:
[+Who can use them?+]

Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
to:
->[+Who can use them?+]

-> Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

-> You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
Changed lines 30-34 from:
[+Where are they?+]

The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
to:
-> [+Where are they?+]

-> The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

-> You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.
Changed lines 39-42 from:
[+How do I know which one to use?+]

Under the title of each  [=database=]  in the list of legal [=databases=] you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that  [=database=] , the period covered, and whether the  [=database=]  provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement. You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the  [=database=]  is current.
to:
-> [+How do I know which one to use?+]

-> Under the title of each  [=database=]  in the list of legal [=databases=] you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that  [=database=] , the period covered, and whether the  [=database=]  provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement. You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the  [=database=]  is current.
Changed lines 45-47 from:
For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:

->'''Westlaw NZ'''\\
to:
-> For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:

-->'''Westlaw NZ'''\\
Changed line 49 from:
->and news, as well as tax information.
to:
-->and news, as well as tax information.
March 03, 2014, at 11:19 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 21 from:
[[<<]]
to:
March 03, 2014, at 11:18 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 107-108 from:
In a  [=phrase search=]  two or more keywords are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
[=Truncation=] involves replacing the last part of a keyword with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that keyword, without you having to type them all out.
to:
In a  [=phrase search=]  two or more [=keywords=] are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
[=Truncation=] involves replacing the last part of a [=keyword=] with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that [=keyword=], without you having to type them all out.
Changed line 111 from:
A  few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant [=results=], and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.
to:
A  few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few [=keywords=]. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant [=results=], and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.
Changed lines 157-158 from:
*one or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more [=results=].
*more keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer [=results=].
to:
*one or two [=keywords=]  >  a broad search  >  more [=results=].
*more [=keywords=]  >  a narrow search  >  fewer [=results=].
Changed lines 164-165 from:
*add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
*a [=phrase search=] could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
to:
*add one or two more [=keywords=] (narrowing)
*a [=phrase search=] could also be useful: consider whether some [=keyword=] combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
Changed line 171 from:
*remove (or change) some keywords (broadening)
to:
*remove (or change) some [=keywords=] (broadening)
March 03, 2014, at 11:17 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 105-107 from:
Successful [=database=]  searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable [=field=] searching.

In a  Phrase search  two or more keywords are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
to:
Successful [=database=]  searches often use special techniques  such as  [=phrase searching=] and [=truncation=]. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable [=field=] searching.

In a  [=phrase search=]  two or more keywords are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
Changed lines 117-118 from:
These videos explain how phrase searching, [=truncation and wildcards=],  and [=field=] searching work.
to:
These videos explain how [=phrase searching=], [=truncation and wildcards=],  and [=field=] searching work.
Changed line 165 from:
*a phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
to:
*a [=phrase search=] could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
March 03, 2014, at 11:16 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 149 from:
[++Results++]
to:
[++[=Results=]++]
March 03, 2014, at 11:15 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 168 from:
[+No enough / no results+]
to:
[+No enough / no [=results=]+]
March 03, 2014, at 11:14 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 93 from:
Field searches\\
to:
[=Field=] searches\\
Changed lines 105-106 from:
Successful [=database=]  searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable field searching.
to:
Successful [=database=]  searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable [=field=] searching.
Changed line 110 from:
Search templates for a Field search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the  [=database=].
to:
Search templates for a [=field=] search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the  [=database=].
Changed lines 117-118 from:
These videos explain how phrase searching, [=truncation and wildcards=],  and field searching work.
to:
These videos explain how phrase searching, [=truncation and wildcards=],  and [=field=] searching work.
Changed line 136 from:
[+Field searching+]\\
to:
[+[=Field=] searching+]\\
Changed line 140 from:
*Field searching
to:
*[=Field=] searching
March 03, 2014, at 11:13 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 11:13 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 111 from:
A  few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant results, and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.
to:
A  few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant [=results=], and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.
Changed line 151 from:
Your first set of results may be exactly what you want. Sometimes there may be too many, and they're too general, or there are none or not enough or even none at all. These tips may help to solve the problem.
to:
Your first set of [=results=] may be exactly what you want. Sometimes there may be too many, and they're too general, or there are none or not enough or even none at all. These tips may help to solve the problem.
Changed lines 157-158 from:
*one or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more results.
*more keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer results.
to:
*one or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more [=results=].
*more keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer [=results=].
Changed line 162 from:
[+Too many results+]
to:
[+Too many [=results=]+]
March 03, 2014, at 11:10 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 26 from:
You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an internet connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
to:
You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an [=internet=] connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.
March 03, 2014, at 11:10 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 24 from:
Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
to:
Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are [=websites=] for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
March 03, 2014, at 11:09 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 108 from:
Truncation involves replacing the last part of a keyword with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that keyword, without you having to type them all out.
to:
[=Truncation=] involves replacing the last part of a keyword with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that keyword, without you having to type them all out.
Changed lines 115-118 from:
[++Phrases, truncation and wildcards, and field searching++]

These videos explain how phrase searching, truncation and wildcards,  and field searching work.
to:
[++Phrases, [=truncation=] and [=wildcards=], and [=field searching=]++]

These videos explain how phrase searching, [=truncation and wildcards=],  and field searching work.
Changed line 128 from:
[+Truncation +]
to:
[+[=Truncation=] +]
Changed lines 131-132 from:
*How truncation and wildcards work.
*Where to truncate.
to:
*How [=truncation and wildcards=] work.
*Where to [=truncate=].
Changed line 174 from:
*use truncation: possess! rather than possession
to:
*use [=truncation=]: possess! rather than possession
March 03, 2014, at 11:06 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 136 from:
[+Field searching+]\\ 
to:
[+Field searching+]\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:06 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 136 from:
[+Field searching+]
to:
[+Field searching+]\\
March 03, 2014, at 11:04 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 136-137 from:
[+Field searching+]\\
[-Duration 6.46=]
to:
[+Field searching+] 
[-Duration 6.46-]
March 03, 2014, at 10:54 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 136-137 from:
[+Field searching+}
Duration 6.46
to:
[+Field searching+]\\
[-
Duration 6.46=]
March 03, 2014, at 10:53 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 142 from:
#########Field search
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a |Attach:fieldfront.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:51 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Added line 68:
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:51 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 69 from:
to:
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:50 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; including [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
to:
*[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:50 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 65 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d|Attach:front.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d|Attach:1front.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:49 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 65 from:
##########Online research intro
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=933a3d92-5b89-4fc1-862f-1471f7459b8d|Attach:front.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:42 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 57 from:
[+Database access+]\\
to:
[+[=Database=] access+]\\
March 03, 2014, at 10:42 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:33 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 52 from:
to:
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:32 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 49 from:
and news, as well as tax information.
to:
->and news, as well as tax information.
March 03, 2014, at 10:32 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 48-49 from:
->New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents
->and news, as well as tax information.
to:
New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents
and news, as well as tax information.
March 03, 2014, at 10:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 92-94 from:
*Field searches
*Free text searches
to:
Field searches\\
Free text searches
Changed line 133 from:
##########truncation
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b94dd21d-8d2d-45d4-8b68-02c7ae39095d|Attach:truncfgront.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:26 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:26 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 54-55 from:
 
to:

(:table width=60%:)
(:cell width=40%:)
Changed line 64 from:
to:
(:cell width=20%:)
Added line 66:
(:tableend:)
Changed line 125 from:
##########Phrase searching
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=3ed60316-0692-4763-a146-35f68c77f649|Attach:phrasefront.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:23 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 71:
March 03, 2014, at 10:23 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 94 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|free.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|Attach:free.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:22 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 94 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|field.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|free.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:22 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:21 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 94 from:
##########Terms 3
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=c50d35b7-096a-4eec-9ec9-18527e72306a|field.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:20 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 86 from:
##########Terms 2
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f4907058-24a5-4f74-8b18-500a475e63b0 |Attach:bool.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:19 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; = &nbsp; including [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
to:
*[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; including [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
Changed line 79 from:
##############Terms 1
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=b83eeb30-8e24-41f4-8447-430c218a31acTerms 1|Attach:temps.png]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:15 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 5-6 from:
*Search types &nbsp; = &nbsp; including Phrases, truncation and whildcards &nbsp; and &nbsp; Field searching
*
[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp;  including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
to:
*[[#sch|Search types]] &nbsp; = &nbsp; including [[#wild|Phrases, truncation and wildcards]] &nbsp; and &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:14 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 5:
*Search types &nbsp; = &nbsp; including Phrases, truncation and whildcards &nbsp; and &nbsp; Field searching
March 03, 2014, at 10:14 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
to:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp;  including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:13 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  [[#wild|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
to:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:12 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  [[#phr|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
to:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  [[#wild|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
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[[#phr]]
to:
[[#wild]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:11 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 65 from:
to:
[[#term]]
Changed lines 96-97 from:
 
to:
[[#sch]]

[[<<]]
Deleted line 107:
Added lines 109-110:

[[<<]]
Changed lines 148-150 from:
to:
[[#broad]]

[[<<]]
Changed lines 153-155 from:
One or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more results.
More keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer results.
to:
*one or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more results.
*more keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer results.
[[#too]]

Changed lines 160-161 from:
Add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
to:
*add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
*a phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
Changed lines 166-171 from:
Check that you're using the right  [=database=]
remove (or change) some keywords (broadening)
Check for spelling / typing errors
Are the terms appropriate for the  [=database=]  content?
Use truncation: possess! rather than possession
BTW -  [=databases=] do not understand text language!
to:
*check that you're using the right  [=database=]
*remove (or change) some keywords (broadening)
*check for spelling / typing errors
*are the terms appropriate for the  [=database=]  content?
*use truncation: possess! rather than possession
*BTW -  [=databases=] do not understand text language!
Deleted lines 172-176:


[[#too]]
 
[[<<]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:07 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:05 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 5 from:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  [[#trunc|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
to:
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including  [[#phr|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;  and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
Changed line 108 from:
[[#trunc]]
to:
[[#phr]]
March 03, 2014, at 10:04 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:04 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 03, 2014, at 10:03 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted lines 107-109:

These videos explain how phrase searching, truncation and field searching work.

Added lines 109-112:
[++Phrases, truncation and wildcards, and field searching++]

These videos explain how phrase searching, truncation and wildcards,  and field searching work.

Changed line 125 from:
*How truncation works.
to:
*How truncation and wildcards work.
March 03, 2014, at 10:02 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 111-126 from:

Using phrases

Duration 2.26

How to use
phrases in a search statement.
Phrase searching
Truncation

Duration 2.42

How truncation works.
Where to truncate
.
Truncation
Field
searching
to:
[[#trunc]]
(:table width=60%:)
(:cell width=40%:)
[+Using
phrases+]\\
[-Duration 2
.26-]

*How to use phrases in a search statement
.
(:cell width=20%:)
##########Phrase
searching
(:cellnr:)
[+Truncation +]
[-Duration 2.42-]

*How truncation works.
*Where to truncate.
(:cell:)
##########truncation
(:cellnr:)
[+Field searching+}
Changed lines 132-135 from:
Advanced search templates 
Field searching
Field search
 
to:
*Advanced search templates 
*Field searching
(:cell:)
#########
Field search
(:tableend:)
March 03, 2014, at 09:56 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 3-7 from:
*[[#dat|Databases]]  -    [[#who|Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right database\
*Terms used to describe the process of database searching \ 
*Search types    - including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards, and Field searching
*Results
  - Broadening and narrowing  |  Too many or not enough results ]]
to:
*[[#dat|Databases]] &nbsp;  -  &nbsp;   [[#who|Who can use them?]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#where| Where are they? ]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#right|Selecting the right database]]
*[[#term|Terms used to describe the process of database searching]]
 
*[[Search types  &nbsp;  - &nbsp; including
  [[#trunc|Phrases, Truncation and wildcards]]  &nbsp;   and &nbsp;  [[#field| Field searching]]
*[[#res|Results]]  &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#broad| Broadening and narrowing]]  &nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#too| Too many or not enough results
]]
Changed lines 39-40 from:
How do I know which one to use?
to:
[+How do I know which one to use?+]
Changed lines 56-62 from:
Database access

Duration 4.26

Where you can find the [=databases=]
Access restrictions
Choosing the right  [=database=] 
to:
[+Database access+]\\
[-
Duration 4.26-]

*
Where you can find the [=databases=]
*Access restrictions
*Choosing the right  [=database=] 
Changed lines 64-65 from:
Online research intro
to:
##########Online research intro
Changed lines 68-69 from:
Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching
to:
[++Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=]  searching++]
Changed lines 71-93 from:

What are

Search
templates?
Keywords?
Search statements?
Duration 3.0

Terms 1
What are

Boolean connectors?
Duration 2
.58

Terms 2
What are

Field searches?
Free text searches?
Duration 3
.41

Terms 3
to:
(:table width=60%:)
(:cell width=40%:)
*Search
templates
*Keywords
*Search statements

[-Duration 3
.0-]
(:cell width=20%:)
##############Terms 1

(:cellnr:)
*Boolean connectors

[-Duration 2
.58-]
(:cell:)
##########
Terms 2

(:cellnr:)
*Field searches
*Free text searches

[-Duration
3.41-]
(:cell:)
##########Terms 3
(:tableend:)
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Search types
to:
[++Search types++]
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to:
[[#res]]
Changed lines 137-139 from:

Results
to:
[[<<]]
[++
Results++]
Changed lines 142-146 from:

 

Broadening
and narrowing
to:
[+Broadening and narrowing+]
Added lines 147-151:
[[<<]]
[+Too many results+]

Add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
Changed lines 154-161 from:
Too many results

Add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
 

No enough / no results

to:
[+No enough / no results+]
Added lines 162-168:
 


[[#too]]
 
[[<<]]

March 03, 2014, at 09:43 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 2-3 from:
(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]    &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
See
also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
(:cell:)
*[[#dat|Databases]]  -    [[#who|Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |   Selecting the right database\
*Terms used to describe the process of database
searching \ 
*Search types    - including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards, and Field searching
*Results  - Broadening and narrowing  |  Too many or not enough results ]]

->
See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
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[[#where]]
to:

[[#dat]]

[[<<]]
[++[=Databases=]++]

Changed lines 18-19 from:
to:
[[#who]]
Changed lines 21-36 from:

[=Databases=]  -    Who can use them?   |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right  database 
Terms used to describe the process of database searching 
Search types    - including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards, and Field searching
Results  - Broadening and narrowing  |  Too many or not enough results
Checklist and Quiz

 

[=Databases=
]


 

Who can use them?

to:
[[<<]]
[+Who can use
them?+]
Changed lines 27-32 from:


 

Where
are they?
to:
[[#where]]

[[<<]]
[+Where
are they?+]
Changed lines 35-36 from:

to:
[[#right]]
Changed line 38 from:
to:
[[<<]]
Changed lines 47-48 from:
Westlaw NZ
New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents and news, as well as tax information.
to:
->'''Westlaw NZ'''\\
->
New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents
->and news, as well as tax information.
March 03, 2014, at 09:35 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 10 from:
[=databases=]  -    Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right  database 
to:
[=Databases=]  -    Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right  database 
Changed lines 18-20 from:
[=databases=]

to:
[=Databases=]

Changed lines 25-26 from:
Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=]is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
to:
Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=] is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.
Added line 167:
 
March 03, 2014, at 09:34 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 6-7 from:
The Library subscribes to a large number of databases containing different types of content. This module will help you to use the Library's databases for your research.
to:
The Library subscribes to a large number of [=databases=] containing different types of content. This module will help you to use the Library's [=databases=] for your research.
Changed line 10 from:
Databases   -    Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right database 
to:
[=databases=]  -    Who can use them?  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right  database 
Changed lines 18-20 from:
Databases

to:
[=databases=]

Changed lines 25-29 from:
Use of the Library's subscription databases is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal database publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription database for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the databases online from anywhere with an internet connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.

to:
Use of the Library's subscription [=databases=]is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal  [=database=]  publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription [=database=] for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the [=databases=] online from anywhere with an internet connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.

Changed lines 34-38 from:
The main gateway to all of the Library's databases is via the Library's Databases page. Use the Find A Database link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All databases the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The Databases page also includes a search box where you can search for a database by name. You can't search the content of databases from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal databases from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal Databases under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.

to:
The main gateway to all of the Library's [=databases=] is via the Library's [=Databases=] page. Use the Find A  [=Database=]  link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All [=databases=] the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The [=Databases=] page also includes a search box where you can search for a  [=database=]  by name. You can't search the content of [=databases=] from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal [=databases=] from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal [=Databases=] under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.

Changed lines 43-44 from:
Under the title of each database in the list of legal databases you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that database, the period covered, and whether the database provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement . You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the database is current.
to:
Under the title of each  [=database=]  in the list of legal [=databases=] you'll see a brief outline of the type of content in that  [=database=] , the period covered, and whether the  [=database=]  provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement. You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the  [=database=] is current.
Changed lines 54-55 from:
This video describes how to access the legal databases, who can access them, and how to decide which one to use. 
to:
This video describes how to access the legal  [=databases=], who can access them,and how to decide which one to use.
Changed line 61 from:
Where you can find the databases
to:
Where you can find the [=databases=]
Changed line 63 from:
Choosing the right database
to:
Choosing the right  [=database=]
Changed lines 70-71 from:
Terms used to describe the process of database searching
to:
Terms used to describe the process of  [=database=] searching
Changed lines 100-101 from:
Successful database searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable field searching.
to:
Successful [=database=] searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable field searching.
Changed lines 105-108 from:
Search templates for a Field search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the database.
A  few databases also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant results, and that's why most databases don't offer it.

to:
Search templates for a Field search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the  [=database=].
few [=databases=] also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant results, and that's why most [=databases=] don't offer it.

Changed line 160 from:
Check that you're using the right database
to:
Check that you're using the right  [=database=]
Changed line 163 from:
Are the terms appropriate for the database content?
to:
Are the terms appropriate for the  [=database=] content?
Changed lines 165-166 from:
BTW -  databases do not understand text language!
to:
BTW -  [=databases=] do not understand text language!

 
March 03, 2014, at 09:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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March 03, 2014, at 09:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 168:
 
March 03, 2014, at 09:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 6-134 from:

[++[=Where the databases live=]++]

The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes where you can find the Library's collection of legal databases.
[[#get]]

[[<<]]
[++Getting started++]

First, think about  the type of information you want. Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?


For research, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it. To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.
[[#scope]]

[[<<]]
%rframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
[++[=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]++]

[=When looking at the Library's list of databases under Law you will see that as well as the database title there is also a brief outline of the type of content in that database. That's the 'scope statement'. Information in the statement includes the type of material contained in the database, jurisdiction, time period covered  and whether the database provides full text access.=]

[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases.=]\\
\\

[[#temp]]


[++[=Search template=]++]

* Also sometimes referred to as the search screen.
*[=Database=] search templates are just like Google's, only smarter.
*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search statement, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the[= database.=]

->[+ [=Search statement=]+]
**This consists of the keywords you type in to the [=database's=] search template.
**A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
**Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
[[#key]]

[[<<]]
[++[=Keywords and connectors=]++]

->[+[=Keywords=]+] 

**[=Terms used to search for information in a database or internet search engine.=]
**[=They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. =]

->[+Term selection+]

**[=Choose relevant keywords for your topic, and for the type of material you are searching.=]
**[=If you are using an international database, you need to remember that there are differences in spelling: e.g. labour (NZ)  and  labor (US) and sometimes even the terms used: e.g., drugs (NZ) and narcotics (US).=]
**[=How good are you at identifying NZ and US spelling and terminology? Find out by having a go at our=] %newwin%[[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm|Spelling Game]]

->[+[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT+]

**[=Also known as Boolean connectors. =]
**[=Tools that tell the database how to treat your keywords=].
**[=Connectors are not treated as keywords by databases.=]
**[=You can use more than one connector in a search, but you will need to    use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]



(:table width=80% align=left cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=right width=10%:)[+AND+]
(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
(:cell width=30% align=center:)

alcohol %red%'''and'''  %black%supply  %red%'''and''' %black%minors
(:cellnr align=right:) [+OR+]
(:cell:)The OR connector sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
(:cell align=center:)

theft %red%'''or''' %black%burglary
(:cellnr align=right:)[+NOT+]
(:cell:)This gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
(:cell align=center:)

estate %red%'''not''' %black%real
(:tableend:)

[[#put]]
[[<<]]
[[<<]]

[++Putting the search together++]

[=The basic principle of database searching is to keep it simple=].
*For an initial search just try a couple of keywords with AND between.
*Check the first few [=results=] to get an idea of their relevance.\
*If necessary change your search - you may find some useful keywords in [=results=] that you could add to your original search.

[+Stating the obvious+]\\
''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the [=database=] and impact negatively on your results!=]
[[#broad]]

[[<<]]
[++Broadening and narrowing a search++]

-->[=More keywords = a narrow search = fewer results. =]
-->[=Fewer keywords = a broad search = more results.=]

(:table width=90% align=center:)
(:cell width=40%:)
[+[=Not many or no  results: =]+]
*[=There may be too many keywords so you need to broaden your search. =]
*[=Check that you're using the appropriate database for the material you need - see Scope. =]
*[=Check spelling and language. =]
(:cell width=50%:)
[+[=Too many results: =]+]
*[=You need to narrow your search by adding more keywords. =]
*[=A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law - =] see [[#phrase|Phrase searching]].
*[=Truncation could also be useful here too: perhaps possess* rather than possession - see =][[#trunc|Truncation]]. 
(:tableend:)

%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
[[#smart]]

[[<<]]
[++Smart searching++]

[=As well as using connectors between keywords, there are also some other tools which will help you achieve good results. Databases have two search types -  the simple keyword search screen, and an Advanced Search option - a specifically tailored search template which  includes the ability to do a=] '''[=field search=]'''.

[=Regardless of the type of search you use, keywords are important, and so is the way you formulate them.  Databases provide special options such as=]  '''[=truncation=]'''  and '''[=phrase searching=]'''.  [=Let's have a closer look at these three terms.=]
[[#trunc]]

[[<<]]
[+1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]+]\\
%rfloat %Attach:onres3.png
[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search[+!+]''' &nbsp; [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
to:
The Library subscribes to a large number of databases containing different types of content. This module will help you to use the Library's databases for your research.
Changed lines 9-15 from:
To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
to:

Databases  -    Who can use them?
  |  Where are they?  |  Selecting the right database 
Terms used to describe the process of database searching 
Search types    - including  Phrases, Truncation and wildcards, and Field searching
Results  - Broadening and narrowing  |  Too many or not enough results
Checklist and Quiz

Changed lines 17-20 from:
[=Choose a sensible point in a word for truncation.  The image on the right shows examples of good and bad truncation;  you can see the word with the truncation symbol, and the likely results. The examples of poor truncation are at extreme right. =] 

-->attempt,  attempts, attempted, attempting
-->escape, escapes, escaped, escaping, escapee
to:

Databases

Changed lines 22-23 from:
Some documents will contain one of these phrases but not necessarily the other as well. If you [=search statement=] included the word ''attempt'', you would miss out on documents with the words ''attempting'' or ''attempted''.
to:

Who can use them?

Use
of the Library's subscription databases is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal database publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. There are websites for legislation (legislation.govt.nz) and case law (nzlii.org)  that anyone can access, so they won't need to use a subscription database for those things.

You can  access almost all of  the databases online from anywhere with an internet connection, though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices.


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-->the defendant attempted to escape
-->the defendant was attempting to escape
to:

Where are they?

The main gateway to all of the Library's databases is via the Library's Databases page. Use the Find A Database link which is under Key Tasks on the right of all of the Library's web pages. All databases the Library subscribes to are listed under subject category, including Law. The Databases page also includes a search box where you can search for a database by name. You can't search the content of databases from that box though!

You can also link directly to legal databases from the  Law Student homepage.  Look for Legal Databases under the  Legal Research menu on the right side of the Law Student home page.

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Why? Because most [=databases=] aren't designed to second-guess your requirements in the way that Google and other [=internet search engines do=]. You need to let the [=database know that you want any variations in word endings for the keyword =] ''attempt''. Using a designated [=truncation=] symbol (usually an exclamation mark) at the point where the word endings start, saves you having to type each word variation in the [=search box=]. Results will contain documents that include any or all versions of the word/s you have truncated . 
to:

How do I know which one
to use?

Under the title of each database in the list of legal databases you'll see a brief outline of
the type of content in that database, the period covered, and whether the database provides full-text access.. This is the  scope statement . You need to consider criteria such as the jurisdiction covered, the type of content, and whether the content in the database is current.
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It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=],
and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%    will include  woman and women.
[[#phrase]]

[[<<]]
[+2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching+]
*[=Doing a '''phrase search''' involves putting two or more keywords in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order.
*This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".=]
*[=You don't need to include a connector within a phrase unless it's part of that phrase:=]&nbsp; "aiding and abetting". [=Your search can be a combination of a phrase and separate keywords. e.g. "offensive weapon!" and possess!.
*Don't make up phrases - you could miss out on some potentially useful results. If in doubt, use separate keywords with a connector between.=]
[[#field]]
to:

For example, the scope statement for Westlaw NZ states:

Westlaw NZ
New Zealand legal sources including New Zealand Statutes, case law
and journals, legislation and commentary to precedents and news, as well as tax information.
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[[<<]]
[+ 2 &nbsp;  [=Field searching=]+]
*[=Documents in databases=] are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific  field  label in the corresponding search screen. 
*The  online phone directory has fields for Who and Where. Our Library catalogue has Title , Author, Subject and Call Number fields.
*Many [=databases =]have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]
*[=Because of the specific type of content that [= databases=] contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
*[=You can combine fields in a search, e.g. in a case law search you could use the Case Name field plus the Year.=]
*[=It's also possible to combine a general keyword (free text) search with a field or two.=]


%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
[[<<]]
[[#nat]]

[[<<]]
[++Natural language searching++]

[=Some international databases such as Westlaw and Lexis also provide an alternative search mode for Natural Language searches. In a natural language search you don't need to use Boolean connectors  and other search tools like truncation. Just type a sentence, a list or a few keywords. It's not unlike searching Google.  If a database includes this feature as well as the more structured type of search we have just talked about, it will be indicated on the search page.  Natural language searching isn't available in databases such as LexisNexis NZ, Westlaw NZ and some others.=]

[=Here are some examples of natural language searching:=]

--> what are the origins of human rights law
--> ineral rights oil exploration petrol canada

The downside of this type of search is that you may get a lot of [=results  which aren't very useful, but you can usually get a few ideas from the first few results about what keywords to add / remove from your original search.=]
[[#wrong]]

[[<<]]
[++OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?++]

So you didn't get any [=results.  Before you abandon your search there are a few things you need to check. Often a zero result is caused by something as simple as a typing error.=]

* Check for typing or spelling errors - see  [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are your keywords appropriate for the material in the [=database=] and jurisdiction? - see [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are you using the correct [=database?=] - see [[#scope|[=Scope=]]]
* Have you used unnecessary words in your search?  - see [[#put|[=Putting the search together=]]].
*BTW -  [=databases do not understand text language!=].
to:

This video describes how to access the legal databases, who can access them, and how to decide which one to use.

 

Database access

Duration 4.26

Where you can find the databases
Access restrictions
Choosing the right database
 

Online research intro

 

Terms used to describe the process of database searching

These videos explain what is meant by terms such as  "search templates", "connectors", etc.

What are

Search templates?
Keywords?
Search statements?
Duration 3.0

Terms 1
What are

Boolean connectors?
Duration 2.58

Terms 2
What are

Field searches?
Free text searches?
Duration 3.41

Terms 3

 

Search types

Successful database searches often use special techniques  such as  phrase searching and truncation. You may also find that you can use specially tailored templates to enable field searching.

In a  Phrase search  two or more keywords are enclosed in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".
Truncation involves replacing the last part of a keyword with a symbol (usually an exclamation mark) which automatically searches for all the different word endings for that keyword, without you having to type them all out.
Wildcards are used to replace letters within a word to cover spelling variations and singular and plural forms of a word.
Search templates for a Field search consist of a series of labelled boxes which correspond with specific parts of documents in the database.
A  few databases also provide a Natural language search option where you can search using  a sentence or a few keywords. This is not unlike what you do in Google. However  it's not an efficient way of searching as you may get quite a lot of non-relevant results, and that's why most databases don't offer it.


These videos explain how phrase searching, truncation and field searching work.


Using phrases

Duration 2.26

How to use phrases in a search statement.
Phrase searching
Truncation

Duration 2.42

How truncation works.
Where to truncate.
Truncation
Field searching

Duration 6.46

Advanced search templates 
Field searching
Field search
 

 

 

Results

Your first set of results may be exactly what you want. Sometimes there may be too many, and they're too general, or there are none or not enough or even none at all. These tips may help to solve the problem.


 

Broadening and narrowing

One or two keywords  >  a broad search  >  more results.
More keywords  >  a narrow search  >  fewer results.

 

Too many results

Add one or two more keywords (narrowing)
A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law
 

No enough / no results

Check that you're using the right database
remove (or change) some keywords (broadening)
Check for spelling / typing errors
Are the terms appropriate for the database content?
Use truncation: possess! rather than possession
BTW -  databases do not understand text language!

 
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*Database search templates are just like Google's, only smarter.
*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search statement, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the database.=]
to:
*[=Database=] search templates are just like Google's, only smarter.
*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search statement, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the[= database.=]
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**This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
to:
**This consists of the keywords you type in to the [=database's=] search template.
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''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the database and impact negatively on your results!=]
to:
''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the [=database=] and impact negatively on your results!=]
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*[=Documents in databases are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific  field  label in the corresponding search screen. 
to:
*[=Documents in databases=] are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific  field  label in the corresponding search screen. 
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*Many databases have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]
*[=Because of the specific type of content that databases contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
to:
*Many [=databases =]have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]
*[=Because of the specific type of content that [= databases=] contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
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* Are your keywords appropriate for the material in the database and jurisdiction? - see [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are you using the correct database? - see [[#scope|[=Scope=]]]
to:
* Are your keywords appropriate for the material in the [=database=] and jurisdiction? - see [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are you using the correct [=database?=] - see [[#scope|[=Scope=]]]
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The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes where you can find the Library's database collection.
to:
The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes where you can find the Library's collection of legal databases.
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alcohol %red%'''and'''  %black%supply  %red%'''and''' %black%minors
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(:cell align=center:)

theft %red%'''or''' %black%burglary
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estate %red%'''not''' %black%real
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(:cell width=30%:)alcohol %red%'''and'''  %black%supply  %red%'''and''' %black%minors 
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(:cell width=30%:)alcohol '''and''' supply '''and''' minors
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(:cell width=30%:)alcohol %red'''and'''% supply '''%redand%''' minors
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%rframe%Attach:onres4.png
(:table width=50% align=left cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=right width=10%:)[+AND+]
(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=] 
(:cellnr align=right:) [+OR+]
(:cell:)The OR connector sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
(:cellnr align=right:)[+NOT+]
(:cell:)This gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
(:tableend:)
to:
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(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
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(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=] 
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(:cellnr align=right:) [+OR+]
(:cell:)The OR connector sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
(:cellnr align=right:)[+NOT+]
(:cell:)This gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
(:tableend:)

(:table width=80% align=left cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=right width=10%:)[+AND+]
(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
(:cell width=30%:)goods %red%and% faulty
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(:cell width=50%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
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(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=50%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
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(:cell width=40%:)the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=40%:)The most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
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(:cell:)sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
to:
(:cell:)The OR connector sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
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(:cell:)this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
to:
(:cell:)This gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
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(:cell:) [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
to:
(:cell:)sits  [=between keywords=] and indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
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(:cell width=40%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=40%:)the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
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*This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
*A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
*Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
to:
**This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
**A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
**Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
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->- This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
->- A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
->- Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
to:
*This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
*A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
*Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
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*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the database.=]
to:
*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search statement, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the database.=]
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[+ [=Search statement=]+]
*This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
*A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
*Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
to:
->[+ [=Search statement=]+]
->- This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
->- A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
->- Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
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[=When looking at the law databases list you will see that under each database title there is a brief outline of the type of content in that database. That's the 'scope statement': it provides information about the type of material, (articles, cases, legislation, etc.), the time period, and whether the database provides full text access.=]
to:
[=When looking at the Library's list of databases under Law you will see that as well as the database title there is also a brief outline of the type of content in that database. That's the 'scope statement'. Information in the statement includes the type of material contained in the database, jurisdiction, time period covered and whether the database provides full text access.=]
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[=When looking at the law databases list you will see that under each database title there is a brief outline of the type of content in that database - the type of material, (articles, cases, legislation, etc.), the time period, and whether the database provides full text access.=]
to:
[=When looking at the law databases list you will see that under each database title there is a brief outline of the type of content in that database. That's the 'scope statement': it provides information about the type of material, (articles, cases, legislation, etc.), the time period, and whether the database provides full text access.=]
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[[<<]]
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[[<<]]
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[[<<]]
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[[<<]]
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- See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
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See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
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\\
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[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases.=]
to:
[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases.=]\\
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[[<<]]

%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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%rframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
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%rframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
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%rframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
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[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases=]

%lframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
to:
[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases.=]
February 05, 2014, at 03:20 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 05, 2014, at 03:19 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[=For example, the scope statement for LegalTrac states:=]
to:
[=Here are the scope statements for two different legal databases=]
January 28, 2014, at 09:55 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 28, 2014, at 09:55 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 28, 2014, at 09:53 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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Why? Because most [=databases=] aren't designed to second-guess your requirements in the way that Google and other [=internet search engines do=]. You need to let the [=database know that you want any variations in word endings for the keyword =] ''attempt''. Using a designated [=truncation=] symbol (usually an exclamation mark) at the point where the word endings start, saves you having to type each word variation in the [=search box. Results will contain documents that include any or all versions of the word/s you have truncated=].
to:
Why? Because most [=databases=] aren't designed to second-guess your requirements in the way that Google and other [=internet search engines do=]. You need to let the [=database know that you want any variations in word endings for the keyword =] ''attempt''. Using a designated [=truncation=] symbol (usually an exclamation mark) at the point where the word endings start, saves you having to type each word variation in the [=search box=]. Results will contain documents that include any or all versions of the word/s you have truncated .
January 22, 2014, at 12:01 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]
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(:table width=50% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=30%:)
[+How to locate the right [=database=]+]\\
[-(Duration 1m)-]
(:cell width=20%:)
%newwin% [[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=368b899c-1030-4ac9-9696-6a6a7ef97c61 |Attach:datapage.png]]
(:tableend:)
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%lframe%Attach:onres4.png
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-> %lframe%Attach:onres4.png
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[+[=Keywords=]+] 

*[=Terms used to search for information in a database or internet search engine.=]
*[=They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. =]

[+Term selection+]]

*[=Choose relevant keywords for your topic, and for the type of material you are searching.=]
*[=If you are using an international database, you need to remember that there are differences in spelling: e.g. labour (NZ)  and  labor (US) and sometimes even the terms used: e.g., drugs (NZ) and narcotics (US).=]
*[=How good are you at identifying NZ and US spelling and terminology? Find out by having a go at our=] %newwin%[[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm|Spelling Game]]

[+[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT+]

*[=Also known as Boolean connectors. =]
*[=Tools that tell the database how to treat your keywords=].
*[=Connectors are not treated as keywords by databases.=]
*[=You can use more than one connector in a search, but you will need to    use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]
to:
->[+[=Keywords=]+] 

**[=Terms used to search for information in a database or internet search engine.=]
**[=They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. =]

->[+Term selection+]

**[=Choose relevant keywords for your topic, and for the type of material you are searching.=]
**[=If you are using an international database, you need to remember that there are differences in spelling: e.g. labour (NZ)  and  labor (US) and sometimes even the terms used: e.g., drugs (NZ) and narcotics (US).=]
**[=How good are you at identifying NZ and US spelling and terminology? Find out by having a go at our=] %newwin%[[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm|Spelling Game]]

->[+[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT+]

**[=Also known as Boolean connectors. =]
**[=Tools that tell the database how to treat your keywords=].
**[=Connectors are not treated as keywords by databases.=]
**[=You can use more than one connector in a search, but you will need to    use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]
January 21, 2014, at 09:19 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[=Here are some pointers on term selection:=]
to:
[+Term selection+]]
January 21, 2014, at 09:18 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[<<]]
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January 21, 2014, at 09:17 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[+Think about  the type of information you want+]

Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
to:
First, think about  the type of information you want. Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
January 21, 2014, at 09:17 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[<<]]
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*Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
to:
Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
January 21, 2014, at 09:16 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
to:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]
January 21, 2014, at 09:16 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[<<]]
[[<<]]
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[+3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]+]
to:
[+ 2 &nbsp;  [=Field searching=]+]
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[[#wrong]]
to:


%center%
[[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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[[#phrase]]
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[[#phrase]]
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[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search''' &nbsp; [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
to:
[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search[+!+]''' &nbsp; [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
January 17, 2014, at 10:06 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search''' [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
to:
[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search''' &nbsp; [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
January 17, 2014, at 10:06 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: search [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
to:
[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: &nbsp; '''search''' [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
January 17, 2014, at 10:06 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 138 from:
This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=] For example: search'''!''' [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
to:
[=This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=]  For example: search [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]
January 17, 2014, at 10:05 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[+1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]+]\\
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[+1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]+]\\
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[[<<]]
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to:
[[<<]]

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[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 10:02 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=], and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%n  will include  woman and women.
to:
It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=], and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%   will include  woman and women.
January 17, 2014, at 10:01 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]   &nbsp; | &nbsp;   [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
to:
(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;   [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]   &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
January 17, 2014, at 10:01 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[#wrong]]
[[<<]]
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[[#put]]
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
to:
[++Putting the search together++]

[=The basic principle of database searching is to keep it simple=].
*For an initial search just try a couple of keywords with AND between.
*Check the first few [=results=] to get an idea of their relevance.\
*If necessary change your search - you may find some useful keywords in [=results=] that you could add to your original search.

[+Stating the obvious+]\\
''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the database and impact negatively on your results!=]
[[#broad
]]
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[[#nat]]
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[++Natural language searching++]

[=Some international databases such as Westlaw and Lexis also provide an alternative search mode for Natural Language searches. In a natural language search you don't need to use Boolean connectors  and other search tools like truncation. Just type a sentence, a list or a few keywords. It's not unlike searching Google.  If a database includes this feature as well as the more structured type of search we have just talked about, it will be indicated on the search page.  Natural language searching isn't available in databases such as LexisNexis NZ, Westlaw NZ and some others.=]

[=Here are some examples of natural language searching:=]

--> what are the origins of human rights law
--> ineral rights oil exploration petrol canada

The downside of this type of search is that you may get a lot of [=results  which aren't very useful, but you can usually get a few ideas from the first few results about what keywords to add / remove from your original search.=]
[[#put]]
[[<<]]
[[<<]]

[++Putting the search together++]

[=The basic principle of database searching is to keep it simple=].
*For an initial search just try a couple of keywords with AND between.
*Check the first few [=results=] to get an idea of their relevance.\
*If necessary change your search - you may find some useful keywords in [=results=] that you could add to your original search.

[+Stating the obvious+]\\
''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the database and impact negatively on your results!=]
[[#broad]]
[[<<]]
[[<<]]

to:
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
[[<<]]
[[#nat]]

[[<<]]
[++Natural language searching++]

[=Some international databases such as Westlaw and Lexis also provide an alternative search mode for Natural Language searches. In a natural language search you don't need to use Boolean connectors  and other search tools like truncation. Just type a sentence, a list or a few keywords. It's not unlike searching Google.  If a database includes this feature as well as the more structured type of search we have just talked about, it will be indicated on the search page.  Natural language searching isn't available in databases such as LexisNexis NZ, Westlaw NZ and some others.=]

[=Here are some examples of natural language searching:=]

--> what are the origins of human rights law
--> ineral rights oil exploration petrol canada

The downside of this type of search is that you may get a lot of [=results  which aren't very useful, but you can usually get a few ideas from the first few results about what keywords to add / remove from your original search.=]

January 17, 2014, at 09:57 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
to:
(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
January 17, 2014, at 09:57 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
to:
(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
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[[#loc]]
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[[#where]]
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[++Getting started++][[#get]]
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[++Getting started++]
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[[#temp]]
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[++[=Database searching - the search template=]++]

[+[=Search templates =]+]
to:
[++[=Search template=]++]
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(:table width=60% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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[+2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching+]\\
[=Doing
a '''phrase search''' involves putting two or more keywords in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".=]

[=You don't need to include a connector within a phrase unless it's part of that phrase:=]&nbsp; "aiding and abetting". [=Your search can be a combination of a phrase and separate keywords. e.g. "offensive weapon!" and possess!. Don't make up phrases - you could miss out on some potentially useful results. If in doubt, use separate keywords with a connector between.=]
to:
[+2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching+]
*[=Doing
a '''phrase search''' involves putting two or more keywords in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order.
*
This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".=]
*[=You don't need to include a connector within a phrase unless it's part of that phrase:=]&nbsp; "aiding and abetting". [=Your search can be a combination of a phrase and separate keywords. e.g. "offensive weapon!" and possess!.
*
Don't make up phrases - you could miss out on some potentially useful results. If in doubt, use separate keywords with a connector between.=]
Changed lines 187-190 from:
[+3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]+]\\
[=Documents
in databases are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific  field  label in the corresponding search screen.  The  online phone directory has fields for Who and Where. Our Library catalogue has Title , Author, Subject and Call Number fields. Many databases have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]

[=Because of the specific type of content that databases contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
to:
[+3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]+]
*[=Documents
in databases are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific  field  label in the corresponding search screen. 
*
The  online phone directory has fields for Who and Where. Our Library catalogue has Title , Author, Subject and Call Number fields.
*
Many databases have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]
*[=Because of the specific type of content that databases contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
January 17, 2014, at 09:48 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:table width=50% border=1 bordercolor=#e8e8e8  :)
(:cell width=25%  bgcolor=#f5f5f5:)
This
(:cell width=25% bgcolor=#f5f5f5:)  rather than this
(:tableend:)
(:table width=40%    :)
(:cell width=25% :)"resource management" and consent and marina
(:cell width=25%:) "resource consent for a marina"
(:cellnr:)minor! and alcohol! and sell!
(:cell:)"selling alcohol to minors"
(:tableend:)
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(:cell :)"resource management" and consent and marina
(:cell:) "resource consent for a marina"
to:
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This
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(:table width=70% border=1   :)
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(:cell:)  rather than this
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(:table width=70% border=1 bordercolor=#e8e8e8  :)
(:cell width=35% bgcolor=#f5f5f5:))  This
(:cell bgcolor=#f5f5f5:)  rather than this
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(:table width=70%   :)
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(:table width=70%   :)
(:cell width=35%:) [+This+]
(:cell:) [+ rather than this+]
to:
(:table width=70% border=1   :)
(:cell width=35%:)  This 
(:cell:)   rather than this 
(:tableend:)
(:table width=70% border=1  :)
January 17, 2014, at 09:38 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 185 from:
(:table width=70% cellpadding=20% cellspacing=20% :)
to:
(:table width=70%   :)
January 17, 2014, at 09:38 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 185-186 from:
(:table width=70% :)
(:cell width
=35%:)->[+This+]
to:
(:table width=70% cellpadding=20% cellspacing=20% :)
(:cell width=35%:) [+This+]
January 17, 2014, at 09:37 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 185-186 from:
&nbsp; (:table width=70% :)
(:cell width=35%:)[+This+]
to:
(:table width=70% :)
(:cell width=35%:)->[+This+]
January 17, 2014, at 09:37 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 184-185 from:
-->
(:table width=70% :)
to:

&nbsp; (:table width=70% :)
January 17, 2014, at 09:36 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 184-185 from:
-->(:table width=70% :)
to:
-->
(:table width=70% :)
January 17, 2014, at 09:36 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 184 from:
(:table width=70% :)
to:
-->(:table width=70% :)
January 17, 2014, at 09:35 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 184-185 from:
(:table width=5% align=center:)
(:cell width=25%:)[+This+]
to:
(:table width=70% :)
(:cell width=35%:)[+This+]
January 17, 2014, at 09:35 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 184-185 from:
(:table width=90% align=center:)
(:cell width=45%:)[+This+]
to:
(:table width=5% align=center:)
(:cell width=25%:)[+This+]
January 17, 2014, at 09:34 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 165 from:
(:cell width=5%  :) &nbsp;
to:
January 17, 2014, at 09:31 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 161 from:
-->attempt,  attempts, attempted, attempting\\
to:
-->attempt,  attempts, attempted, attempting 
Changed line 167 from:
-->the defendant attempted to escape\\
to:
-->the defendant attempted to escape 
January 17, 2014, at 09:30 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 09:30 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 158 from:
(:cell width=5%  :)
to:
 
Changed line 163 from:
(:cellnr:)
to:
 
Changed line 166 from:
(:cell :)
to:
 
Changed line 169 from:
(:cellnr:)
to:
 
Changed lines 171-172 from:
(:cell width=5%  :) &nbsp;
(:cell:)
to:
 
Changed line 174 from:
(:tableend:)
to:
 
January 17, 2014, at 09:29 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 159-162 from:
[=Choose a sensible point in a word for truncation.  In these examples of good and bad truncation, you can see the word with the truncation symbol, and the likely results.=]
(:table width=100% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell width=45%:)
(:cell width
=45%:)
to:
[=Choose a sensible point in a word for truncation.  The image on the right shows examples of good and bad truncation;  you can see the word with the truncation symbol, and the likely results. The examples of poor truncation are at extreme right. =
January 17, 2014, at 09:13 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 155-156 from:
This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=] For example: search'''!'''  [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=] 
to:
This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=] For example: search'''!'''  [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=]

To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
(:cell width=5%  :)
Changed lines 161-162 from:
(:cell width=45%:) To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
(:cell width=5% 
:)
to:
(:cell width=45%:)
January 17, 2014, at 09:10 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 120:
[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 09:10 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 117 from:
'''Stating the obvious'''\\
to:
[+Stating the obvious+]\\
January 17, 2014, at 09:10 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 108 from:
\\
to:
[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 09:09 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 108:
\\
January 17, 2014, at 09:09 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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January 17, 2014, at 09:01 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 25:
Added lines 27-28:
[[<<]]
Deleted line 91:
Added line 93:
Changed lines 106-107 from:
to:
[[<<]]
Changed lines 118-119 from:
to:
[[<<]]
Added lines 140-141:
[[<<]]
Added lines 201-202:

January 17, 2014, at 08:59 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 124 from:
'''[=Not many or no  results: =]'''
to:
[+[=Not many or no  results: =]+]
Changed line 129 from:
'''[=Too many results: =]'''
to:
[+[=Too many results: =]+]
Changed lines 137-138 from:
!!!!Smart searching
to:
[++Smart searching++]
Changed line 146 from:
'''1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]'''\\
to:
[+1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]+]\\
Changed lines 154-155 from:
%green%attempt,  attempts, attempted, attempting\\
%green%escape, escapes, escaped, escaping, escapee
to:
-->attempt,  attempts, attempted, attempting\\
-->escape, escapes, escaped, escaping, escapee
Changed lines 160-161 from:
%green%the defendant attempted to escape\\
%green%the defendant was attempting to escape
to:
-->the defendant attempted to escape\\
-->the defendant was attempting to escape
Changed lines 166-168 from:
%green%attempt'''!'''  and  escap'''!'''

to:
-->attempt'''!'''  and  escap'''!'''
Changed line 173 from:
'''2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching'''\\
to:
[+2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching+]\\
Changed lines 179-180 from:
(:cell width=45%:)'''This'''
(:cell:) ''' rather than this'''
to:
(:cell width=45%:)[+This+]
(:cell:) [+ rather than this+]
Changed line 188 from:
'''3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]'''\\
to:
[+3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]+]\\
Changed lines 195-197 from:
!!!!OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?
to:
[[<<]]
[++
OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?++]
January 17, 2014, at 08:55 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 08:53 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 08:38 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 08:38 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 94-95 from:
!!!!Natural language searching
to:
[++Natural language searching++]
Changed lines 100-102 from:
-->%green%what are the origins of human rights law
-->%green%mineral rights oil exploration petrol canada
to:
--> what are the origins of human rights law
--> ineral rights oil exploration petrol canada
Changed lines 106-107 from:
!!!!Putting the search together
to:
[++Putting the search together++]
Changed line 117 from:
!!!!Broadening and narrowing a search
to:
[++Broadening and narrowing a search++]
January 17, 2014, at 08:35 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 88-89 from:
%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| Top ]]
to:

%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:34 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 88 from:
%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
to:
%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| Top ]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:34 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:33 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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January 17, 2014, at 08:31 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:31 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 08:30 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:29 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 85:
Added lines 87-88:
[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:29 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
January 17, 2014, at 08:29 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:table width=50% align=right cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
to:
(:table width=50% align=left cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
January 17, 2014, at 08:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 77 from:
(:table width=60% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
to:
(:table width=50% align=right cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
Changed line 79 from:
(:cell width=50%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=40%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
January 17, 2014, at 08:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 77 from:
(:table width=50% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
to:
(:table width=60% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
Changed line 79 from:
(:cell width=40%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
(:cell width=50%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
January 17, 2014, at 08:27 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 77 from:
(:table width=50%:)
to:
(:table width=50% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
January 17, 2014, at 08:27 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 78 from:
(:cell width=10%:)[+AND+]
to:
(:cell align=right width=10%:)[+AND+]
Changed line 80 from:
(:cellnr:) [+OR+]
to:
(:cellnr align=right:) [+OR+]
Changed line 82 from:
(:cellnr:)[+NOT+]
to:
(:cellnr align=right:)[+NOT+]
January 17, 2014, at 08:26 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 75:
January 17, 2014, at 08:26 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 75-79 from:
%rframe%Attach:onres4.png
(:table width=60%:)
(:cell width=10%:)
->[+AND+]
(:cell width=50%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
to:
%lframe%Attach:onres4.png
(:table width=50%:)
(:cell width=10%:)[+AND+]
(:cell width=40%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
January 17, 2014, at 08:24 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 75-80 from:
(:table width=90%:)
(:cell width=60%:)
->[+AND+] -   the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
->[+OR+]  [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
->[+NOT+]  - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
(:cell width=30%:)%rframe%Attach:onres4.png
to:
%rframe%Attach:onres4.png
(:table
width=60%:)
(:cell width=10%:)
->[+AND+]
(:cell width=50%:)- the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
(:cellnr:) [+OR+]
(:cell:) [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
(:cellnr:)[+NOT+]
(:cell:)this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
January 17, 2014, at 08:21 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 70-71 from:
(:table width=90%:)
(:cell width=60%:)
to:
Added lines 75-76:
(:table width=90%:)
(:cell width=60%:)
January 17, 2014, at 08:21 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 70-71:
(:table width=90%:)
(:cell width=60%:)
Deleted line 73:
%rfloat%Attach:onres4.png
Changed lines 79-80 from:
to:
(:cell width=30%:)%rframe%Attach:onres4.png
(:tableend:)
January 17, 2014, at 08:19 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 44-46 from:
[=Search screen / search template - they are the same thing. Database search templates are just like Google's, only smarter. The search page in a database is made up of boxes where you enter your search. Search templates are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the database.=]

A '''[=search statement=]''' [=is what you type in to the database's search page. A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol. Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
to:

[+[=Search templates =]+]
* Also sometimes referred to as
the search screen.
*Database search templates are just like Google's, only smarter.
*They are made up of boxes where you enter your search, and are tailored to suit the type of content contained in
the database.=]

[+ [=Search statement=]+]
*This consists of the keywords you type in to the database's search template.
*A search statement consists of either a single word
, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol.
*
Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=] 
Changed lines 59-60 from:
[=Keywords=]  [=are terms used to search for information. They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. Here are some pointers on term selection:=]
to:
[+[=Keywords=]+] 
*[=Terms used to search for information in a database or internet search engine.=]
*[=They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. =]

[=
Here are some pointers on term selection:=]
Changed lines 69-71 from:
[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT -  are tools that tell the database to do something particular with your keywords.
to:
[+[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT+]
*[=Also known as Boolean connectors. =]
*[=Tools
that tell the database how to treat your keywords=].
Changed lines 74-75 from:
*They are sometimes known as Boolean connectors.
*[=You can use more than one connector in a search. You must
  use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]
to:
*[=You can use more than one connector in a search, but you will need to    use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]
January 17, 2014, at 08:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 35-37 from:

\\
\\
to:
[[<<]]
[[<<]]
[[<<]]

January 17, 2014, at 08:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 36-37 from:
[[<<]]
[[<<]]
to:
\\
\\
January 17, 2014, at 08:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:07 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 35-36:

[[<<]]
January 17, 2014, at 08:07 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 34-37 from:
-->'''LegalTrac'''\\
 '''[=Coverage
:=]''' [=1980 to present (Some full text)=]\\
Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal newspapers, including\\
more than 200 titles in [=full text=]
. 
to:
%lframe%Attach:scopestatement.png
January 17, 2014, at 08:04 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 34 from:
-->[+LegalTrac+]\\
to:
-->'''LegalTrac'''\\
January 17, 2014, at 08:04 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 29:
January 17, 2014, at 08:03 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 16-18 from:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
For
research, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it.
To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.
to:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
For research, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it. To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.
January 17, 2014, at 08:03 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 16 from:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]
to:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
January 17, 2014, at 08:03 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 16:
January 17, 2014, at 08:02 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 13:
January 17, 2014, at 08:02 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 15 from:
Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
to:
*Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
January 16, 2014, at 04:38 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 22-23 from:
(:table width=80% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=50%:)
to:
(:table width=60% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=40%:)
Changed line 26 from:
(:cell width=30%:)
to:
(:cell width=20%:)
January 16, 2014, at 04:38 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 13-15 from:
(:table width=80% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=50%:)
[+Think about  the type of information you want+]\\
to:
[+Think about  the type of information you want+]
Added lines 16-22:

[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]

For research, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it.
To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.

(:table width=80% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
Changed lines 26-31 from:
* [=This short video shows you how the Databases page works. =]
(
:cellnr:)
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
For research, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it.
To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.
(:cell align="center":
)
to:
(:cell width=30%:)
Added line 29:
January 16, 2014, at 04:36 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 25 from:
(:cell align=center: )
to:
(:cell align="center": )
January 16, 2014, at 04:36 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 25 from:
(:cell align=cemter: )
to:
(:cell align=center: )
January 16, 2014, at 04:36 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 25 from:
(:cell: )
to:
(:cell align=cemter: )
January 16, 2014, at 04:35 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 25 from:
(:cell )
to:
(:cell: )
January 16, 2014, at 04:35 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 25 from:
(:cell align=center:)
to:
(:cell )
January 16, 2014, at 04:34 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 7:
Changed lines 11-12 from:
[++Getting started++]][[#get]]
(:table width=100% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
to:
[++Getting started++][[#get]]

(:table width=80% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
January 16, 2014, at 04:33 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 6 from:
!!!![=Where the databases live=]
to:
[++[=Where the databases live=]++]
Changed lines 8-9 from:

!!!!Getting started[[#get]]
to:
[[<<]]

[++Getting started++]]
[[#get]]
Changed line 13 from:
'''Think about  the type of information you want'''\\
to:
[+Think about  the type of information you want+]\\
Changed line 16 from:
'''How to locate the right [=database=]'''\\
to:
[+How to locate the right [=database=]+]\\
Changed line 20 from:
'''Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need'''\\
to:
[+Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need+]\\
Changed line 27 from:
!!!![=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]
to:
[++[=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]++]
Changed line 32 from:
-->'''LegalTrac'''\\
to:
-->[+LegalTrac+]\\
Deleted line 36:
Changed lines 38-40 from:
!!!![=Database searching - the search template=]
to:
[[<<]]

[++[
=Database searching - the search template=]++]
Deleted line 43:
Changed lines 45-48 from:
!!!![=Keywords and connectors=]

'''
[=Keywords=]''' [=are terms used to search for information. They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. Here are some pointers on term selection:=]
to:
[[<<]]

[++[=Keywords and connectors=]++]

[=Keywords=]
[=are terms used to search for information. They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. Here are some pointers on term selection:=]
Changed line 55 from:
'''[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]''' - AND / OR / NOT -  are tools that tell the database to do something particular with your keywords.
to:
[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]- AND / OR / NOT -  are tools that tell the database to do something particular with your keywords.
Changed lines 60-62 from:
->'''AND''' -  the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
->'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
->'''NOT''' - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
to:
->[+AND+] -  the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
->[+OR+]  [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
->[+NOT+] - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
September 24, 2013, at 01:53 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
- See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
September 24, 2013, at 01:42 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
See also: &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
See also  &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
September 24, 2013, at 01:35 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
See also: &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
See also: &nbsp;  %newwin%[[Database access]]  &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
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(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Troubleshooting ]]\\
to:
(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#wrong|Troubleshooting ]]\\
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[[#check]]
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[[#wrong]]
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;   [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#where|Where are they?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#get|Getting started]] &nbsp;  [[#scope|Scope]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#temp|Search template]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords and connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#nat|Natural language search]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;   [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Troubleshooting ]]\\
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!!!!Getting started[[#think]]
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!!!!Getting started[[#get]]
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[[#search]]
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
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!!!![=Selecting the right database=]
[=You need to think clearly about what you need so that you can choose which database to use. Do you need cases  or legislation or articles? Do they need to be from a specific jurisdiction? After you become familiar with our databases you will be able to identify what you need quite quickly. In the meantime, these are the types of things you need to consider. The library subscribes to many  databases, and scope of one database will not be the same as that of another.=]
to:

!!!!Getting started[[#think]]
(:table width=100% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=50%:)
'''Think about  the type of information you want'''\\
Do you need a piece of legislation (which jurisdiction)? any
articles on a topic (NZ law journals or law journals from other countries)? case law (NZ or overseas cases)?
(:cell width=50%:)
'''How
to locate the right [=database=]'''\\
[-(Duration 1m)-]
* [=This short video shows you how
the Databases page works. =]
(:cellnr:)
'''Decide which [=database=] has the type of material you need'''\\
For research
, knowing the [="scope"=] of a [= database=] is very important - if it doesn't have what you need there's no point in using it.
To make things easier for you,  the list in the [=wiki's=] menu  on the left of this screen (legislation, case law etc.) has [=links=]  to an appropriate [=wiki=]  page which lists [=databases=] relevant to that type of material. From that page each [=database=] has a dedicated [=wiki=]page which tells you about the [=database=] and how to use it.
(:cell align=center:)
%newwin% [[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=368b899c-1030-4ac9-9696-6a6a7ef97c61 |Attach:datapage.png]]
(:tableend:)

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The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes how to locate databases.
to:
The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes where you can find the Library's database collection.
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[=The gateway to all our databases=] is via the Library's Databases page. 

%lfloat%Attach:onres2.png
You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.

%rframe%Attach:onres1.png
[=When you're on the Databases page you'll see a list of subject categories on the right, and a search box on the left. Each subject area includes lists of databases relevant to that area.=]  [=The legal databases are also directly linked from the Law Student homepage. You can find the link in the menu on the right of the Law Student homepage, under  the Legal Research heading.  =]

[[#use]]
!!!![=Who can use the databases?=]
[=Use of the Library's subscription databases is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal database publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. You can, as a general rule, access the databases online from anywhere with an internet connection (though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices). There are  a small number which can only be used on-campus.  This is indicated in the database description under its title in the Library's Databases page:=]

-->'''M&#257;ori Land Judgements'''\\
'''[=Coverage=]:''' 1953 to present\\
The[= full-text=] of decisions of the Maori Land Court from 1953, plus summaries of cases relating to Maori land  held\\
in New Zealand Courts 1958 - 1983. Available on-campus only. Requires W3 Launch software.
[[#apt]]
to:
The wiki page on [[Database access]] describes how to locate databases.
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(:table  width=80%  cellpadding=20% cellpadding=5%  :) 
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(:table  width=90%  cellpadding=20% cellpadding=5%  :) 
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You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.=]
to:
You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here. 
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[=When you're on the Databases page you'll see a list of subject categories on the right, and a search box on the left. Each subject area includes lists of databases relevant to that area.=]

[=The legal databases are also directly linked from the Law Student homepage. You can find the link in the menu on the right of the Law Student homepage, under  the Legal Research heading.  =]
to:
[=When you're on the Databases page you'll see a list of subject categories on the right, and a search box on the left. Each subject area includes lists of databases relevant to that area.=]  [=The legal databases are also directly linked from the Law Student homepage. You can find the link in the menu on the right of the Law Student homepage, under  the Legal Research heading.  =]
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[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page.
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[=The gateway to all our databases=] is via the Library's Databases page.
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[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page. %lfloat%Attach:onres2.png You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.=]
to:
[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page.
%lfloat%Attach:onres2.png
You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.=]
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%lfloat%Attach:onres2.png

[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page. You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.=]
to:
[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page. %lfloat%Attach:onres2.png You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo - as in the image here.=]
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!!!![=Where the databases live=]
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!!!![=Where the databases live=]
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%rframe%Attach:onres1.png
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!!!![=Locating the databases=]
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!!!![=Where the databases live=]
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Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal\\
newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.
to:
Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal newspapers, including\\
more
than 200 titles in [=full text=].
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[=Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal\\
newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.=]
to:
Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal\\
newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.
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[=The full-text of decisions of the Maori Land Court from 1953, plus summaries of cases relating to Maori land  held in New Zealand Courts 1958 - 1983. Available on-campus only. Requires W3 Launch software.=]
to:
The[= full-text=] of decisions of the Maori Land Court from 1953, plus summaries of cases relating to Maori land  held\\
in
New Zealand Courts 1958 - 1983. Available on-campus only. Requires W3 Launch software.
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[=Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal  newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.=]
to:
[=Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal\\
newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.=]
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[[#phrase]]\\
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[[#phrase]]
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[[#phrase]]\\
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It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=], and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%n  will include  woman and women.
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It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=], and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%n  will include  woman and women.
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(:table width=100% cellspacing=10:)
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(:table width=100% cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
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(:cell width=50% :)'''How do I use [=truncation?=]'''
(:cell width=5%:)&nbsp;
(:cell width=45% :)&nbsp;
(:cellnr
:) To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
to:
(:cell width=45%:) To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
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(:cell width=45%:)
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'''[=Truncation=]'''\\
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'''1 &nbsp; [=Truncation=]'''\\
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'''Phrase searching'''\\
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'''2  &nbsp;  Phrase searching'''\\
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'''[=Field searching=]'''\\
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'''3 &nbsp; [=Field searching=]'''\\
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[='''Truncation'''=]\\
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'''[=Truncation=]'''\\
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!!!!Phrase searching
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'''Phrase searching'''\\
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!!!![=Field searching=]
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'''[=Field searching=]'''\\
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!!!![=Truncation=]
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[='''Truncation'''=]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#smart|Smart searching ]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;   [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; | [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; |[[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]|[[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
to:
(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; |  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
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->'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
to:
->'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both; use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
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'''AND''' -  the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.

'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
to:
->'''AND''' -  the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.
->'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
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'''NOT''' - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
to:
->'''NOT''' - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
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'''AND''' &nbsp;  is the one used most often - it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.

'''OR''' &nbsp;  [=between keywords=] indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
to:
'''AND''' -  the most frequently used connector, it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.

'''OR''' [=between keywords=] - indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
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'''NOT''' &nbsp; gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
to:
'''NOT''' - this gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
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!!![=Locating the databases=]
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!!!![=Locating the databases=]
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!!![=Who can use the databases?=]
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!!!![=Who can use the databases?=]
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!!![=Selecting the right database=]
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!!!![=Selecting the right database=]
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!!![=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]
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!!!![=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]
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!!![=Database searching - the search template=]
to:
!!!![=Database searching - the search template=]
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!!![=Keywords and connectors=]
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!!!![=Keywords and connectors=]
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!!!Natural language searching
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!!!!Natural language searching
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!!!Putting the search together
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!!!!Putting the search together
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!!!Broadening and narrowing a search
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!!!!Broadening and narrowing a search
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!!!Smart searching
to:
!!!!Smart searching
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!!![=Truncation=]
to:
!!!![=Truncation=]
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!!!Phrase searching
to:
!!!!Phrase searching
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!!![=Field searching=]
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!!!![=Field searching=]
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!!!OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?
to:
!!!!OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?
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*BTW -  [=databases do not understand text language!=].
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*BTW -  [=databases do not understand text language!=].
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[[<<]]
(:table class='markup horiz' width=100%   cellpadding=5% cellpadding=5% align='center':) 
(:cell   width=15% :)  '''Page contents''':
(:cell :) 
[[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;   [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
(:cellnr  :)'''Related content''':
(:cell:)
%newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
(:table8 width=80%  cellpadding=20% cellpadding=5%  :) 
(:cell:) [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -   &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;   [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
See also: &nbsp;
  %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
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[=You need to think clearly about what you need so that you can choose which database to use. Do you need cases  or legislation or articles? Do they need to be from a specific jurisdiction? After you become familiar with our databases you will be able to identify what you need quite quickly. In the meantime, these are the types of things you need to consider. The library subscribes to many  databases, and scope of one database will not be the same that of another.=]
to:
[=You need to think clearly about what you need so that you can choose which database to use. Do you need cases  or legislation or articles? Do they need to be from a specific jurisdiction? After you become familiar with our databases you will be able to identify what you need quite quickly. In the meantime, these are the types of things you need to consider. The library subscribes to many  databases, and scope of one database will not be the same as that of another.=]
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!!!Setting up a search

(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
[[#what]]
(:cell  bgcolor=#e6e6e6 width=20%:)
'''1 &nbsp; What type of content do you need?'''
(:cell width=40%:)
Your choice of database depends on the type of content you are looking for:
* cases? legislation? articles? books?
* which jurisdiction?

(:cell width=40%:)
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Westlaw NZ
- that's outside the '' [=scope=] ''  of that database. 

[[#which]]
(:cellnr  bgcolor=#e6e6e6 width=20%:)
'''2 &nbsp; Which database?'''

''[=scope=]: ''\\
-
the type of content in a database, time period covered and availability
(:cell:)
A database's [=scope=] describes
*the type of material in the database, e.g. legislation, case law, articles, commentary, etc.
*
the time period covered for that material
*whether
the database provides [=full text=] access

Details of
the [=scope=] of the main law databases are included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])

(:cell:)
[=Scope=] details:
*the Library's Databases page provides a brief outline
of each database's  [=scope=], under the database title 
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a
database's [=scope=] from its first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most [=sources=], which [=links=] to a page of comprehensive detail about the [=scope=] of that particular [=source=].
to:
[[#loc]]

%lfloat%Attach:onres2.png
!!![=Locating the databases=]
[=The gateway to all our databases is via the Library's Databases page. You will need to access the databases via the university site otherwise you won't be able to log in.  The link to the Databases page is in the menu on the right on any of the Library's web pages - under the My Account logo
- as in the image here.=]

%rfloat%Attach:onres1.png

[=When you're on the Databases page you'll see a list of subject categories on the right, and a search box on the left. Each subject area includes lists of databases relevant to that area.=]

[=The legal databases are also directly linked from
the Law Student homepage. You can find the link in the menu on the right of the Law Student homepage, under  the Legal Research heading.  =]

[[#
use]]
!!![=Who can use the databases?=]
[=Use of
the Library's subscription databases is restricted to current students and staff of the University of Waikato and is for educational use only. It is very important that you don't give your password to anyone else. Legal database publishers treat this very seriously and usage is monitored. You can, as a general rule, access the databases online from anywhere with an internet connection (though they may not work as well on dial-up or mobile devices). There are  a small number which can only be used on-campus.  This is indicated in the database description under its title in the Library's Databases page:=]

-->'''M&#257;ori Land Judgements'''\\
'''[=Coverage=]:''' 1953 to present\\
[=The full-text of decisions of the Maori Land Court from 1953, plus summaries of cases relating to Maori land  held in New Zealand Courts 1958 - 1983. Available on-campus only. Requires W3 Launch software.=]
[[#apt]]

!!![=Selecting the right database=]
[=You need to think clearly about what you need so that you can choose which database to use. Do you need cases  or legislation or articles? Do they need to be from a specific jurisdiction? After you become familiar with our databases you will be able to identify what you need quite quickly. In the meantime, these are the types of things you need to consider. The library subscribes to many  databases, and scope of one database will not be the same that of another.=]

%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
[[#scope]]

!!![=What do you mean by 'scope'?=]
[=When looking at the law databases list you will see that under each database title there is a brief outline of the type of content in that database - the type of material, (articles, cases, legislation, etc.), the time period, and whether the database provides full text access.=]

[=For example, the scope statement for LegalTrac states:=]

-->'''LegalTrac'''\\
 '''[=Coverage:=]''' [=1980 to present (Some full text)=]\\
[=Articles from all major law reviews, law journals, specialty law and bar association journals and legal  newspapers, including more than 200 titles in full text.=]
[[#search]]

!!![=Database searching - the search template=]

[=Search screen / search template - they are the same thing. Database search templates are just like Google's, only smarter. The search page in a database is made up of boxes where you enter your search. Search templates are tailored to suit the type of content contained in the database.=]

A '''[=search statement=]''' [=is what you type in to the database's search page. A search statement consists of either a single word, or more usually, at least two keywords with a "connector" between them,  e.g. minors and alcohol. Search statements are carefully constructed - term selection and use of appropriate connectors is important.=]

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(:cellnr bgcolor=#e6e6e6 :)
'''3 &nbsp; Choosing the best keywords'''


''keywords:''\\
- terms which  best represent a topic and which you expect to be present in all of the search [
=results=]
to:
!!![=Keywords and connectors=]

'''[=Keywords=]''' [=are terms used to search for information. They are generally ones that you want to appear in your results. Here are some pointers on term selection:=]

*[=Choose relevant keywords for your topic, and for the type of material you are searching.=]
*[=If you are using an international database, you need to remember that there are differences in spelling: e.g. labour (NZ)  and  labor (US) and sometimes even the terms used: e.g., drugs (NZ) and narcotics (US).=]
*[=How good are you at identifying NZ and US spelling and terminology? Find out by having a go at our=] %newwin%[[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm|Spelling Game]]

'''[=Connectors / Boolean Connectors=]''' - AND / OR / NOT -  are tools that tell the database to do something particular with your keywords.

*[=Connectors are not treated as keywords by databases.=]
*They are sometimes known as Boolean connectors.
*[=You can use more than one connector in a search. You must  use brackets in a multi-connector search statement to enclose alternative terms.=]
(:table width=100% cellpadding=3 cellspacing=3  :)
(:cell:)
'''AND''' &nbsp;  is the one used most often - it sits between [=keywords=] to indicate that you want [=results=] which include all the keywords in the [=search statement.=]  e.g., minors and alcohol and sale.

'''OR''' &nbsp;  [=between keywords=] indicates that you want either term included in [=results=], but not necessarily both;
use this when you are using [=synonyms=] - words which have a similar meaning.
Changed lines 73-96 from:
* choose relevant keywords for your topic 
* use language which is appropriate to the type of material you are searching, e.g. legislation
* don't need to specify the type of material required - you will already be using the  appropriate database for that content!
[[#spell]]
[[<<]]
'''Spelling''' 
*Spelling and terms vary between countries so you need to consider this when searching US content in databases, e.g.,
&nbsp; &nbsp; labour (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; labor (US)\\
&nbsp; &nbsp; drugs (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; narcotics (US)
* Have a look at the wiki's  %newwin%[[American jargon, phrases and spelling]]
(:cell :)
Useful keywords  for information on selling  alcohol  to minors could be minors; alcohol; liquor; selling.

Consider including  synonyms in a search: &nbsp; liquor or alcohol

The language for legislation is more formal than that in books and articles

'''Don't start your search with:'''\\
&nbsp; articles about ...\\
&nbsp; cases on ...\\
&nbsp; legislation dealing with ...


Try our %newwin% [[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm  |'spelling game'!]] - see if you can identify NZ and US spelling and terminology.
to:
%align=top%Attach:onres4.png
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to:
(:table width=100% cellpadding=3 cellspacing=3  :)
(:cell:)
'''NOT''' &nbsp;  gets the least use; it applies only when you think that your search will include [=results=] with a specific term which may be related to other terms, and which you donít want in [=results.=]
(:tableend:)

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(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
[[#and]]
(:cell bgcolor=#e6e6e6 width=20% :)
'''4 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
[[<<]]

- ''the Boolean operators:\\
AND, OR and NOT''
to:
[[#nat]]
!!!Natural language searching

[=Some international databases such as Westlaw and Lexis also provide an alternative search mode for Natural Language searches. In a natural language search you don't need to use Boolean connectors  and other search tools like truncation. Just type a sentence, a list or a few keywords. It's not unlike searching Google.  If a database includes this feature as well as the more structured type of search we have just talked about, it will be indicated on the search page.  Natural language searching isn't available in databases such as LexisNexis NZ, Westlaw NZ and some others.=]

[=Here are some examples of natural language searching:=]

-->%green%what are the origins of human rights law
-->%green%mineral rights oil exploration petrol canada

The downside of this type of search is that you may get a lot of [=results  which aren't very useful, but you can usually get a few ideas from the first few results about what keywords to add / remove from your original search.=]
[[#put]]

!!!Putting the search together
[=The basic principle of database searching is to keep it simple=].
*For an initial search just try a couple of keywords with AND between.
*Check the first few [=results=] to get an idea of their relevance.\
*If necessary change your search - you may find some useful keywords in [=results=] that you could add to your original search.

'''Stating the obvious'''\\
''Never'' [=start your search statement with unnecessary detail, e.g.,  "I need articles on Ö" or  "search for cases about ..." it will just confuse the database and impact negatively on your results!=]
[[#broad]]

!!!Broadening and narrowing a search

-->[=More keywords = a narrow search = fewer results. =]
-->[=Fewer keywords = a broad search = more results.=]

(:table width=90% align=center:)
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In database searching the words AND, OR  and NOT are treated as 'connectors' - tools for connecting keywords. You can use more than one connector in a search.

'''AND'''
*you want all the keywords in the search to be present in all [=results=]
* this narrows the search

'''OR'''
* for words of similar meaning; either this or that term, or both, in all [=results=]
* this broadens the search


'''NOT'''
* eliminates results which contain the specified keyword
* this narrows the search
* ''be careful with this one'' - you could miss out on some useful results
(:cell width=40%:)
* Using AND
-> minors and alcohol and selling

* Using OR
-> alcohol or liquor

* Using AND and OR in the same search
-> minors  and (alcohol  or  liquor)

'''Note:''' &nbsp;  Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.

* Using NOT
-> minor* not minority and alcohol

* Using more than one operator
-> minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)



[[#state]]
(:cellnr bgcolor=#e6e6e6 :)
'''5 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''
[[<<]]

''[=search statement=]''\\
- a compilation of two or more keywords usually connected with AND

(:cell    :)
Now you are ready to feed your search into the database.  For most searches you will just use the  main search box, for a general ''([=free text=])'' search.
* keep your initial search simple - 2 keywords is a good start
* you can refine your initial search by adding keywords after scanning the results
* put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical
(:cell    :)
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.
*'''[=free text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
*'''[=field or  segment search=]''' &nbsp; - a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below.
to:
'''[=Not many or no  results: =]'''
*[=There may be too many keywords so you need to broaden your search. =]
*[=Check that you're using the appropriate database for the material you need - see Scope. =]
*[=Check spelling and language. =]
(:cell width=50%:)
'''[=Too many results: =]'''
*[=You need to narrow your search by adding more keywords. =]
*[=A phrase search could also be useful: consider whether some keyword combinations would be better as phrases. e.g., "constitutional law " rather than constitution and law - =] see [[#phrase|Phrase searching]].
*[=Truncation could also be useful here too: perhaps possess* rather than possession - see =][[#trunc|Truncation]]. 
Added lines 123-124:
[[#smart]]
Changed lines 126-127 from:
!!!Smart searching - refining your search[[#smart]]
(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing
=10:)
to:

!!!Smart searching
[=As well as using connectors between keywords, there are also some other tools which will help you achieve good results. Databases have two search types -  the simple keyword search screen, and an Advanced Search option - a specifically tailored search template which  includes the ability to do a=] '''[=field search=]'''.

[=Regardless of the type of search you use, keywords are important, and so is the way you formulate them.  Databases provide special options such as=]  '''[=truncation=]'''  and '''[=phrase searching=]'''.  [=Let's have a closer look at these three terms.=]

Changed lines 133-190 from:
(:cell bgcolor=#e6e6e6 width=20%:)
'''[=Truncation=]'''

- replacing the last part of a keyword with a database-specified symbol to find related words starting with the same root.
(:cell width=40%:)
* use [=truncation=] where appropriate to ensure that keywords which different word endings
* [=truncation=] symbols are  specific to each  database'^1^', and may be an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' or a query mark ''''+?+''''
* shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column

'^1^' see the %newwin% [[Database Search Symbols]] page.

(:cell width=40%:)
'''Good [=truncation=]:'''\\
&nbsp; '''sell*'''  &nbsp; (sell, sells, selling, sellers)\\
&nbsp; '''minor*''' &nbsp; (minor, minors, minority, minorities)\\
&nbsp; '''alcohol*''' &nbsp; (alcohol, alcoholic, alcoholics, alcoholism)


'''Poor [=truncation=]:'''\\
&nbsp; '''sells*''' &nbsp; (sells)\\
&nbsp; '''minors*''' &nbsp; (minors)\\
&nbsp; '''alcoholics*''' &nbsp; (alcoholics)

[[#phr]]
(:cellnr bgcolor=#e6e6e6 :)
'''Phrase searching '''

- ensuring that two or more keywords appear in each result in the order entered and with no intervening words
(:cell    :)
* legal terms include short phrases - ''professional negligence'', ''misuse of drugs'', ''resource management'' ...
* if you want results to have your keywords together use a phrase, put speech marks either side of the keywords
-> -  e.g. "constitutional law" rather than constitutional and law
*don't make up a phrase - it has to be a likely one
* avoid long phrases
* you can use a combination of keywords and phrases in the same search statement
[[#field]]
(:cell    :)
'''Be careful with phrases''' - you could miss out on potentially useful documents. Rather than making up a phrase, use separate keywords: e.g.,
* "resource management consent for a marina"\\
this would be better as
-> "resource management" and consent and marina
* "selling alcohol to minors"\\
this would be better as
-> minor* and alcohol and sell*\\
(note the use of truncation!)

(:cellnr bgcolor=#e6e6e6 width=20%:)
'''[=Field=] searching'''

- the database searches specified parts rather than all parts of each [=document=]
(:cell :)
As well as a general "free text" search option,  most databases include an Advanced [=search template=] which allows [=field=] searching. This is very useful if you know e.g., the title or author, case name, name of the Act, etc. 
* make sure you select the appropriate field
* you can use more than one field in a search, e.g., author and title -  especially useful for  Author or Case Title searches for popular names like  Smith or Jones!
* Lexis uses the term "[=segment=]" instead of  "[=field=]"

Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial free text search first.

to:
%rfloat %Attach:onres3.png
!!![=Truncation=]
This  involves replacing the last part of a keyword  with a specific character (usually an exclamation mark, but symbols vary between database) to ensure that results include  your term with all its  different endings without you having to type them all out.=] For example: search'''!'''  [=finds  search, searches, searchers, searching, searched.=] 

[=Choose a sensible point in a word for truncation.  In these examples of good and bad truncation, you can see the word with the truncation symbol, and the likely results.=]
(:table width=100% cellspacing=10:)
(:cell width=50% :)'''How do I use [=truncation?=]'''
(:cell width=5%:)&nbsp;
(:cell width=45% :)&nbsp;
(:cellnr:) To illustrate how [=truncation=] works, think of a simple [=keyword=] such as  ''attempt''. [=You will be familiar with the various word endings for this word. When typing keywords into the search box, you need to be aware that word usage can vary between documents.=]
(:cell width=5%  :)
Changed lines 145-160 from:
Every document in a database [=document=] is divided into several logical parts: an article would include  article title, author,  summary and journal details,  and a court judgment would be divided up into  case title, court, judge, date, etc.
*each part is a ''[=field=]'' with its own label
*database [=search engines=] are tailored to correspond to the designated fields
* our [[using the library catalogue|Library catalogue]] has fields on the Basic Search page  (Title begins with / Author / Subject begins with / etc.) and under most of the red tabs (not New Books, of course!)

The online phone directory is a database and its records are divided up into name and location 
[=fields=].
%center float% Attach:white_thumb.png
(:tableend:)

%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]

[[#vid]]
(:table  width=60%  cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell  :)'''Mini-tutorial on  Database searching'''
(:cell width=20% align=right:)- duration: 6:5
to:
%green%attempt, attempted, attempts, attempting
Changed lines 147-152 from:
This video includes:
*Using keywords and connectors
*[=Truncation=]
*Phrase searching
(:cell  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:datasearch.png]]
to:
Some documents will contain one of these phrases but not necessarily the other as well. If you [=search statement=] included the word ''attempt'', you would miss out on documents with the words ''attempting'' or ''attempted''. 
(:cell width=5%  :) &nbsp;
(:cell :)
%green%the defendant attempted to escape\\
%green%the defendant was attempting to escape
(:cellnr:)
Why? Because most [=databases=
] aren't designed to second-guess your requirements in the way that Google and other [=internet search engines do=]. You need to let the [=database know that you want any variations in word endings for the keyword =] ''attempt''. Using a designated [=truncation=] symbol (usually an exclamation mark) at the point where the word endings start, saves you having to type each word variation in the [=search box. Results will contain documents that include any or all versions of the word/s you have truncated=].
(:cell width=5%  :) &nbsp;
(:cell:)
%green%attempt'''!'''  and  escap'''!'''
Changed lines 158-183 from:
!!![=Results=][[#res]]
Scan the first few [=results=]
to determine whether they're useful and to get a feel for the kind of language that is used. Consider whether the [=keywords=] in your [=search statement=] adequate and appropriate. 

[[#not]]

!!!Not enough / No
[=results=]
There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no
[=results=]. The  most common reasons for  this are:
 
# are there any spelling / typing errors in your search?
# are you using the correct database? - see [[#content|Content]]
# if you are using an American database are the terms and spelling appropriate?  - see [[#spell|Spelling]]
# are the keywords you are using appropriate for the material you need  - see [[#key|Keywords]]

'''Broadening your search'''
*use synonyms to ''broaden'' your search e.g., '''murder OR homicide''' rather than just '''murder''' - see [[#key|Keywords]]
*if you have used a phrase it might be  better as separate keywords - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
*determine whether some of the keywords could be truncated, or whether you have truncated them in the wrong place
. - see [[#trunc|Truncation]]
[[#too]]

!!!Too many [
=results=]
'''Narrowing your search'''
* add extra keywords - see [[#state|Putting it all together]]
* a phrase could be more useful than separate keywords, e.g. &nbsp; '''
"armed robbery" '''  instead of &nbsp;  '''robbery and weapon''' &nbsp;  - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
*
  use the  Advanced Search option to limit your search to specific [[#field|fields]] e.g., article title, case name, etc - see [[#field|Field searching]]
*  limit by date if you prefer [=results=] from a specific time period
* if your database provides  suggested keywords and subject terms after your initial
search, consider using some of these instead (Lexis and LegalTrac have this function)
to:

It may also be possible to use a '''[=wildcard=]'''. This is a specific character (most [=databases=], and our library catalogue, use the query mark) that can sometimes be placed within a word so as to allow for variations in spelling. For example, [=results=] for  wom%red%'''?'''%black%n  will include  woman and women.

%center%
[[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
[[#phrase]]

!!!Phrase searching
[=Doing a '''phrase search''' involves putting two or more keywords in quotations marks / speech marks in order to keep them together in the same order. This is very useful for legal terms such as these: "professional negligence";  "misuse of drugs";  "false imprisonment".=]

[=You don't need to include a connector within a phrase unless it
's part of that phrase:=]&nbsp; "aiding and abetting". [=Your search can be a combination of a phrase and separate keywords. e.g. "offensive weapon!" and possess!. Don't make up phrases - you could miss out on some potentially useful results. If in doubt, use separate keywords with a connector between.=]

(:table width=90% align=center:)
(:cell width
=45%:)'''This'''
(:cell:) ''' rather than this'''
(:cellnr:)"resource management" and consent and marina
(:cell:) "resource consent for a marina"
(:cellnr:)minor! and alcohol! and sell!
(:cell:)"selling alcohol to minors
"
(:tableend:)
[[#field]]

!!![=Field searching=]

[=Documents in databases are divided up into various parts, each of which has a specific
  field  label in the corresponding search screen.  The  online phone directory has fields for Who and Where. Our Library catalogue has Title , Author, Subject and Call Number fields. Many databases have an Advanced Search option, giving you more control over your search.=]

[=Because of the specific type
of content that databases contain, search options for, e.g.,  Journal articles, Case law and Legislation all require different types of fields.=]
*[=You can combine fields in a search, e.g. in a case law search you could use the Case Name field plus the Year.=]
*[=It's also possible to combine a general keyword (free text
) search with a field or two.=]
[[#check]]

!!!OK - searching sounds easy - what can go wrong?
So you didn't get any [=results.  Before you abandon your search there are a few things you need to check. Often a zero result is caused by something as simple as a typing error.=]

* Check for typing or spelling errors - see  [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are your keywords appropriate for the material in the database and jurisdiction? - see [[#key|[=Keywords=]]].
* Are you using the correct database? - see [[#scope|[=Scope=]]]
* Have you used unnecessary words in your search?  - see [[#put|[=Putting the search together=]]].
*BTW -  [=databases do not understand text language!=].
June 25, 2013, at 10:58 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 3-7 from:
(:table width=100% border=1 bordercolor=#fafafa  bgcolor=#e6e6e6 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=right width=20% bgcolor=#ededed:)  '''Page contents''':
(:cell bgcolor=#ededed:)  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
(:cellnr align=right bgcolor=#ededed:)'''Related content''':
(:cell bgcolor=#ededed:) %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:
(:table class='markup horiz' width=100%   cellpadding=5% cellpadding=5% align='center':)  
(:cell 
width=15% :)  '''Page contents''':
(:cell :)  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
(:cellnr  :)'''Related content''':
(:cell:) %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
June 25, 2013, at 10:56 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 28 from:
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Brookers Online - that's outside the '' [=scope=] ''  of that database. 
to:
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Westlaw NZ - that's outside the '' [=scope=] ''  of that database. 
February 28, 2013, at 11:31 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 2-6 from:
(:div:)
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;
  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
[[#smart|Smart searching: ]]
&nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -   &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
'''Related [=wiki=] content''':
&nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
to:

(:table width=100% border=1 bordercolor=#fafafa  bgcolor=#e6e6e6 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=right width=20% bgcolor=#ededed:)
  '''Page contents''':
(:cell bgcolor=#ededed:)
  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]  [[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]] 
(:cellnr align=right bgcolor=#ededed:)'''Related content''':
(:cell bgcolor=#ededed:) %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
(:tableend:)
[[<<]]

 


April 30, 2012, at 05:21 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
April 30, 2012, at 05:20 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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(Duration: 6:5)\\
to:
(:cell width=20% align=right:)- duration: 6:5
(:cellnr:)
April 27, 2012, at 11:06 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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to:
(:table  width=60%  cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
April 27, 2012, at 10:01 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 6 from:
'''Related [=wiki=] content''': &nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]]
to:
'''Related [=wiki=] content''': &nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[Database search symbols]]
April 26, 2012, at 03:13 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 216-223 from:
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#e6e6e6  :)'''Mini-tutorial on  Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width
=20% bgcolor=#e6e6e6 :)
'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
(:cellnr align
=left :)
Keywords, connectors, [=truncation=], phrase searching ... it's all in the video!
(:cell align=center  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:dbsearch_thumb
.png]]
to:
(:table  width=70%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell
:)'''Mini-tutorial on  Database searching'''
(Duration: 6:5)\\
This video includes:
*Using keywords and connectors
*[
=Truncation=]
*Phrase searching
(:cell 
:)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:datasearch.png]]
February 14, 2012, at 12:08 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 150 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database'^1^', and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''
to:
* [=truncation=] symbols are  specific to each  database'^1^', and may be an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' or a query mark ''''+?+''''
Changed line 250 from:
* if your database provides  suggested keywords and subject terms after your initial search, consider using some of these instead (Lexis and LegalTrac have this function)
to:
* if your database provides  suggested keywords and subject terms after your initial search, consider using some of these instead (Lexis and LegalTrac have this function)
February 13, 2012, at 02:46 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 20 from:
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Brookers Online - that's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
to:
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Brookers Online - that's outside the '' [=scope=] ''  of that database. 
October 25, 2011, at 10:14 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
October 25, 2011, at 10:13 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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October 25, 2011, at 10:13 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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October 25, 2011, at 10:10 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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October 25, 2011, at 09:55 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 6 from:
'''Related wiki content''': &nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]]
to:
'''Related [=wiki=] content''': &nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases]]
October 25, 2011, at 09:55 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 5-6 from:
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
to:
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]\\
'''Related wiki content''': &nbsp; %newwin%[[Database access]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; %newwin%[[Databases
]]
September 20, 2011, at 03:11 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
September 20, 2011, at 03:00 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 182 from:
this would be better as\\
to:
this would be better as
Changed line 185 from:
this would be better as\\
to:
this would be better as
September 20, 2011, at 03:00 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 181-184 from:
* "resource management consent for a marina" - better as\\
&nbsp; "resource management" and consent and marina
* "selling alcohol to minors" - better as\\
&nbsp; minor* and alcohol and sell*\\
to:
* "resource management consent for a marina"\\
this would be
better as\\
-> "resource management" and consent and marina
* "selling alcohol to minors"\\
this would be
better as\\
-> minor* and alcohol and sell*\\
September 20, 2011, at 02:57 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 121-122 from:
'''5 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''\\
to:
'''5 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''
[[<<]]
September 20, 2011, at 02:56 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Deleted line 121:
[[<<]]
September 20, 2011, at 02:55 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 103 from:
* Using OR
to:
* Using OR
Changed lines 112-113 from:
&nbsp; &nbsp; minor* not minority and alcohol
to:
-> minor* not minority and alcohol
Changed line 115 from:
minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)
to:
-> minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)
September 20, 2011, at 02:54 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 101-102 from:
--> minors and alcohol and selling
to:
-> minors and alcohol and selling
Changed lines 104-105 from:
--> alcohol or liquor
to:
-> alcohol or liquor
Changed line 107 from:
&nbsp; &nbsp; minors  and (alcohol  or  liquor)
to:
-> minors  and (alcohol  or  liquor)
September 20, 2011, at 02:53 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 101-102 from:
&nbsp; &nbsp; minors and alcohol and selling
to:
--> minors and alcohol and selling
Changed line 104 from:
&nbsp; &nbsp; alcohol or liquor
to:
--> alcohol or liquor
September 20, 2011, at 02:50 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 55-56 from:
&nbsp; &nbsp; [@labour@] (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; [@labor@] (US)\\
&nbsp; &nbsp; [@drugs@] (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; [@narcotics@] (US)
to:
&nbsp; &nbsp; labour (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; labor (US)\\
&nbsp; &nbsp; drugs (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; narcotics (US)
Changed lines 61-62 from:
Consider including  synonyms in a search: &nbsp; [@liquor or alcohol@] &nbsp;
to:
Consider including  synonyms in a search: &nbsp; liquor or alcohol
Changed lines 66-70 from:
&nbsp; [@articles about ...@]\\
&nbsp; [@cases on ...@]\\
&nbsp; [@legislation dealing with ...@]

to:
&nbsp; articles about ...\\
&nbsp; cases on ...\\
&nbsp; legislation dealing with ...

Changed line 174 from:
-> -  e.g. [@"constitutional law"@] rather than [@constitutional and law @]
to:
-> -  e.g. "constitutional law" rather than constitutional and law
Changed line 236 from:
*use synonyms to ''broaden'' your search e.g., [@murder OR homicide@] rather than just [@murder@] - see [[#key|Keywords]]
to:
*use synonyms to ''broaden'' your search e.g., '''murder OR homicide''' rather than just '''murder''' - see [[#key|Keywords]]
Changed line 244 from:
* a phrase could be more useful than separate keywords, e.g. &nbsp; [@ "armed robbery" @]  instead of &nbsp;  [@robbery and weapon@] &nbsp;  - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
to:
* a phrase could be more useful than separate keywords, e.g. &nbsp; ''' "armed robbery" '''  instead of &nbsp;  '''robbery and weapon''' &nbsp;  - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
May 26, 2011, at 09:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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May 26, 2011, at 09:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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May 26, 2011, at 09:08 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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May 26, 2011, at 09:07 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
May 26, 2011, at 09:06 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
May 25, 2011, at 04:39 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
May 25, 2011, at 03:51 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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to:
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to:
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(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)
to:
(:cellnr bgcolor=#e6e6e6 :)
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(:cell bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20% :)
to:
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to:
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(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Mini-tutorial on  Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
to:
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#e6e6e6  :)'''Mini-tutorial on  Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#e6e6e6  :)
May 25, 2011, at 02:47 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 150 from:
'^1^' see the [[Database Search Symbols]] page.
to:
'^1^' see the %newwin% [[Database Search Symbols]] page.
May 25, 2011, at 02:47 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 150 from:
'^1^' See the [[Database Search Symbols]] page.
to:
'^1^' see the [[Database Search Symbols]] page.
May 25, 2011, at 02:46 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 147-148 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database'^1^', and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' * shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
to:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database'^1^', and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''
* shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
May 25, 2011, at 02:46 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 147 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database,'^1^' and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' * shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
to:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database'^1^', and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' * shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
May 25, 2011, at 02:45 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 147-148 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''''^1^'
* shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
to:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database,'^1^' and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''' * shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
May 25, 2011, at 02:43 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 147 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''1'^Superscript^'
to:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+'''''^1^'
May 25, 2011, at 02:42 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 147 from:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''
to:
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''1'^Superscript^'
Added lines 149-151:

'^1^' See the [[Database Search Symbols]] page.

March 14, 2011, at 03:25 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 169 from:
** e.g. [@"constitutional law"@] rather than [@constitutional and law @]
to:
-> - e.g. [@"constitutional law"@] rather than [@constitutional and law @]
March 14, 2011, at 11:19 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
March 14, 2011, at 11:18 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 5-6 from:
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]]\\
[[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
to:
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
March 14, 2011, at 11:18 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]
to:
[[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many ]]
March 14, 2011, at 11:17 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connectors]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
March 14, 2011, at 11:16 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 14, 2011, at 11:16 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 3-4 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
- &nbsp; [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
March 14, 2011, at 11:15 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 3 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|Setting up a search:]] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
Changed lines 5-8 from:
[[#smart|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Database searching]]\\
[[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
to:
[[#smart|Smart searching: ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#vid|Video: &nbsp; Database searching]]\\
[[#res|Results:]]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]
March 14, 2011, at 11:14 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 224 from:
*There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no [=results=]. The  most common reasons for  this are:
to:
There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no [=results=]. The  most common reasons for  this are:
March 14, 2011, at 11:07 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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'''Duration: 6.5 min'''
to:
'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
March 14, 2011, at 11:05 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
to:
'''Duration: 6.5 min'''
March 14, 2011, at 09:32 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 14, 2011, at 09:31 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 14, 2011, at 09:30 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
March 14, 2011, at 09:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 216-217 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
March 14, 2011, at 09:28 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 216-217 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
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March 14, 2011, at 09:21 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 216 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=f96105a6-9d7f-4944-b24b-fa79ae3591b7|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
March 11, 2011, at 04:24 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 210 from:
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Mini-tutorial: Database searching'''
to:
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Mini-tutorial on Database searching'''
March 11, 2011, at 04:23 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Deleted line 208:
!!!Video: &nbsp; '''Database searching'''
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(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
to:
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Mini-tutorial: Database searching'''
March 11, 2011, at 04:11 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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Keywords, connectors, [=truncation=], phrase searching ... it's all here in this video.
to:
Keywords, connectors, [=truncation=], phrase searching ... it's all in the video!
March 11, 2011, at 04:09 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 215 from:
Keywords, connectors, truncation, phrase searching ... it's all here in this video.
to:
Keywords, connectors, [=truncation=], phrase searching ... it's all here in this video.
March 11, 2011, at 04:08 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 215 from:
This mini-tutorial talks about the points noted above
to:
Keywords, connectors, truncation, phrase searching ... it's all here in this video.
March 11, 2011, at 04:07 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 11, 2011, at 04:06 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 208-218 from:
to:
[[#vid]]
!!!Video: &nbsp; '''Database searching'''
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
This mini-tutorial talks about the points noted above
(:cell align=center  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
(:tableend:)
March 11, 2011, at 04:06 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 6 from:
'''Video:''' &nbsp; [[#vid|Database searching]]\\
to:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Database searching]]\\
March 11, 2011, at 04:05 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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'''Video:''' &nbsp; [[#vid|Database searching]]\\
March 11, 2011, at 01:01 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted lines 204-222:
(:tableend:)

[[#vid]]
!!!Video: &nbsp; '''Database searching'''
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
This mini-tutorial talks about the points noted above
(:cell align=center  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
(:cellnr:)
...
(:cell:)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]

March 11, 2011, at 01:00 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 221 from:
[[[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
to:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
March 11, 2011, at 01:00 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 221-222 from:
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=cf9fee6b-408f-4a6e-ad6b-92979f15546c|Attach:tut_thumb.png]]
to:
[[[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
March 11, 2011, at 12:58 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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(:cellnr:)
...
(:cell:)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=cf9fee6b-408f-4a6e-ad6b-92979f15546c|Attach:tut_thumb.png]]

March 11, 2011, at 12:56 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 214-218 from:
This tutorial mainly looks at using [=sources=] in Brookers Online
* Resource Management and DSL Handbook
* legislation, commentary, cases
Also mentions RMA-net and the Law Library's Environment Law [=web page=].
(:cell align=center width=20%
  :)
to:
This mini-tutorial talks about the points noted above
(:cell align=center
  :)
March 11, 2011, at 12:54 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 205-220:
(:tableend:)

[[#vid]]
!!!Video: &nbsp; '''Database searching'''
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 6.5 minutes'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
This tutorial mainly looks at using [=sources=] in Brookers Online
* Resource Management and DSL Handbook
* legislation, commentary, cases
Also mentions RMA-net and the Law Library's Environment Law [=web page=].
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=fd8e7b9b-ec66-412a-826a-ae08a329d249
|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
March 11, 2011, at 11:14 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted lines 234-250:

[[#vid]]
!!!Video: Getting started with online legal research
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Getting started'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 6 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
* This video 
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[#vid|[[#vid]]
!!!Database searching video
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 10 minutes long.


March 11, 2011, at 10:24 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 5:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial: Getting started with online research]]\\
Deleted lines 248-262:

(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 10 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
*This 10-minute video is a mini-tutorial on database searching.
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=ebc6c5a8-ea1a-4558-9a5e-3ca3c9f8a095|Attach:getstart.png]]
(:tableend:)

\\
|Attach:getstart.png]]
(:tableend:)
March 11, 2011, at 10:09 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[#vid]]
!!!Database searching video
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 10 minutes long.

(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 10 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
*This 10-minute video is a mini-tutorial on database searching.
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial: Getting started with online research]]\\
|Attach:getstart.png]]
(:tableend:)


to:

Added lines 236-265:

[[#vid]]
!!!Video: Getting started with online legal research
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Getting started'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 6 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
* This video 
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[#vid|[[#vid]]
!!!Database searching video
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 10 minutes long.

(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 10 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
*This 10-minute video is a mini-tutorial on database searching.
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=ebc6c5a8-ea1a-4558-9a5e-3ca3c9f8a095|Attach:getstart.png]]
(:tableend:)

\\
|Attach:getstart.png]]
(:tableend:)

March 11, 2011, at 10:03 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=56ff9464-9e1e-46c5-a427-1d2fb1caaba4|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
to:
[[[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial: Getting started with online research]]\\
|Attach:getstart
.png]]
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March 11, 2011, at 09:55 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]\\
to:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial: Getting started with online research]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:49 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 01, 2011, at 12:49 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
- &nbsp; [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:49 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:48 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:47 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
March 01, 2011, at 12:47 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 3-4 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\  &nbsp; &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]\\
[[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:46 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]\\
March 01, 2011, at 12:46 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
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%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]
March 01, 2011, at 12:45 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 3-4 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]]\\
[[#state| The search statement]]\\
February 28, 2011, at 04:38 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 28, 2011, at 04:37 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 5-6 from:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
&nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
to:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]\\
[[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
February 28, 2011, at 04:37 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
February 28, 2011, at 04:36 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 5-6 from:
[[#smart|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;
[[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
to:
[[#smart|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; [[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
February 28, 2011, at 04:36 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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 &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
to:
&nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
February 28, 2011, at 04:35 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#res
|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;   [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
to:
[[#field|Field searching]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
 &nbsp; |
&nbsp; [[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\
February 28, 2011, at 04:34 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[#vid]]
!!!Video: &nbsp; Mini tutorial
February 28, 2011, at 04:33 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 211 from:
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 9-10 minutes long.
to:
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 10 minutes long.
February 28, 2011, at 04:33 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 208-225:

[[#vid]]
!!!Database searching video
Watch this mini-tutorial on database searching for a visual representation of the detail outlined on this page. The video is between 9-10 minutes long.

[[#vid]]
!!!Video: &nbsp; Mini tutorial
(:table  align=center  border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=80%  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell align=left width=60% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)'''Database searching'''
(:cell align=center width=20% bgcolor=#f2f2f2  :)
'''Duration: 10 mins'''
(:cellnr align=left :)
*This 10-minute video is a mini-tutorial on database searching.
* It covers many points noted above, and shows examples of good and not-so-good database searching techniques
(:cell align=center width=20%  :)
[[http://coursecast.its.waikato.ac.nz/Panopto/Pages/Viewer/Default.aspx?id=56ff9464-9e1e-46c5-a427-1d2fb1caaba4|Attach:dbsearch_thumb.png]]
(:tableend:)

February 24, 2011, at 10:39 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
February 24, 2011, at 10:10 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 8 from:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial]]
to:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial on database searching]]
February 24, 2011, at 10:10 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 8 from:
[[#vid|'''Video: &nbsp; Mini tutorial]]
to:
[[#vid|'''Video:''' &nbsp; Mini tutorial]]
February 24, 2011, at 10:09 AM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 8-9 from:

to:
[[#vid|'''Video: &nbsp; Mini tutorial]]

Added line 236:
February 23, 2011, at 02:33 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 216-217 from:
# are you using the correct database? - see [[#content|Content]] 
# are there any typing errors
to:
 
#
are there any spelling / typing errors in your search?
# are you using the correct database? - see [[#content|Content]]
February 18, 2011, at 04:38 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
February 18, 2011, at 03:32 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 4 from:
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
to:
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| The search statement]]\\
February 18, 2011, at 03:32 PM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 3-4 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]]\\
[[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
February 18, 2011, at 03:16 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted lines 132-134:

Sometimes a ''[=field search=]'' would be more appropriate - see [[#field|Field searching]]  below. 

February 18, 2011, at 03:16 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 130-131 from:
* keep your initial search simple - 2 keywords is a good start
* you can refine by adding keywords after scanning the results
to:
* keep your initial search simple - 2 keywords is a good start
*
you can refine your initial search by adding keywords after scanning the results
February 18, 2011, at 03:15 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 132 from:
* * put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical
to:
* put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical
February 18, 2011, at 03:15 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 131 from:
* you can add keywords after scanning the results
to:
* you can refine by adding keywords after scanning the results
February 18, 2011, at 03:14 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 130-131 from:
* use about 2 keywords in your search - you can imagine how many [=results=] you'd get for a single one!
* put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical
to:
* keep your initial search simple - 2 keywords is a good start
* you can add keywords after scanning the results
*
* put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical
February 18, 2011, at 03:06 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 130 from:
* use at least 2 keywords in your search - you can imagine how many [=results=] you'd get for a single one!
to:
* use about 2 keywords in your search - you can imagine how many [=results=] you'd get for a single one!
February 18, 2011, at 02:53 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 44-46 from:
'''3 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''

to:
'''3 &nbsp; Choosing the best keywords'''

Changed line 79 from:
'''4 &nbsp; Connect the keywords'''
to:
'''4 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
February 18, 2011, at 02:52 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 18, 2011, at 02:52 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 79 from:
'''4 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
to:
'''4 &nbsp; Connect the keywords'''
February 18, 2011, at 02:33 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 18, 2011, at 02:32 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 27 from:
''[=scope=] ''\\
to:
''[=scope=]: ''\\
February 18, 2011, at 02:32 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 40 from:
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a database's [=scope=] from its first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most sources, which links to a page of comprehensive detail about the [=scope=] of that particular source.
to:
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a database's [=scope=] from its first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most [=sources=], which [=links=] to a page of comprehensive detail about the [=scope=] of that particular [=source=].
February 18, 2011, at 02:31 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 35 from:
Detailed descriptions of the [=scope=] of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
to:
Details of the [=scope=] of the main law databases are included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
February 18, 2011, at 02:29 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 27 from:
''scope ''\\
to:
''[=scope=] ''\\
Changed line 30 from:
A database's scope is
to:
A database's [=scope=] describes
Changed line 35 from:
Detailed descriptions of the scope of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
to:
Detailed descriptions of the [=scope=] of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
February 18, 2011, at 02:28 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 28 from:
- the type of content in a database, time period covered, availability
to:
- the type of content in a database, time period covered and availability
February 18, 2011, at 02:28 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 28 from:
- the type of content in a database
to:
- the type of content in a database, time period covered, availability
February 18, 2011, at 02:27 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 27-28 from:
''scope statement''\\
- the type of content in the database
to:
''scope ''\\
- the type of content in a database
February 18, 2011, at 02:27 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 26-28:

''scope statement''\\
- the type of content in the database
Changed line 38 from:
''' [=Scope=] details:'''
to:
[=Scope=] details:
February 18, 2011, at 02:22 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 183:
February 18, 2011, at 02:22 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted lines 25-27:

''[=scope=]:''\\
- what the database contains
February 18, 2011, at 02:21 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 28 from:
- the type of content the database contains, what period of time covered, and how you can access it
to:
- what the database contains
Added line 30:
A database's scope is
February 18, 2011, at 02:19 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 33-35:

Detailed descriptions of the scope of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])

Deleted line 38:
* more detailed descriptions of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
February 18, 2011, at 02:18 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 34-37 from:
''' Scope details:'''
*the Library's Databases page provides a brief outline of each database's  scope, under the database title. 
* more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a database's scope from the first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most sources which links to a page of comprehensive detail about the scope of that source.
to:
''' [=Scope=] details:'''
*the Library's Databases page provides a brief outline of each database's  [=scope=], under the database title 
* more detailed descriptions of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the name of the database  (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a database's [=scope=] from its first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most sources, which links to a page of comprehensive detail about the [=scope=] of that particular source.
February 18, 2011, at 02:16 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 34-35 from:

''' Finding the scope:'''
to:
''' Scope details:'''
February 18, 2011, at 02:15 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 27 from:
''scope:''\\
to:
''[=scope=]:''\\
February 18, 2011, at 02:15 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 27 from:
''scope''\\
to:
''scope:''\\
February 18, 2011, at 02:15 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 21 from:
If it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
to:
You won't find case law and legislation from other jurisdictions on  Brookers Online - that's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
February 18, 2011, at 01:06 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added line 22:
February 18, 2011, at 01:06 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 21:
 '''
February 18, 2011, at 01:06 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Deleted line 19:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
Changed lines 21-22 from:
''' [=scope=]: '''
to:
If it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
 '''
February 18, 2011, at 01:05 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 33-34 from:
to:
(:cell:)
Deleted line 39:
(:cell:)
February 18, 2011, at 01:05 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 18, 2011, at 01:05 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 42-44 from:
'''4 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''

to:
'''3 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''

Changed line 77 from:
'''3 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
to:
'''4 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
February 18, 2011, at 01:04 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 25-26 from:
'''Which database?'''
to:
'''2 &nbsp; Which database?'''
Changed lines 42-44 from:
'''2 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''

to:
'''4 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''

Changed line 120 from:
'''4 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''\\
to:
'''5 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''\\
February 18, 2011, at 01:03 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Added lines 23-29:
[[#which]]
(:cellnr  bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
'''Which database?'''

''scope''\\
- the type of content the database contains, what period of time covered, and how you can access it
(:cell:)
Changed lines 38-46 from:
[[#which]]
(:cell  bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
'''Which database?'''

''scope''\\
- what content the database contains


(:cell:)
to:
February 18, 2011, at 01:01 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
February 18, 2011, at 01:00 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 3 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; - &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
Changed lines 33-40 from:
to:
'''Which database?'''

''scope''\\
- what content the database contains


(:cell:)
(:cell:)
February 18, 2011, at 12:57 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 3 from:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#which|Which database?]] &nbsp; | &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
Added lines 31-32:
[[#which]]
(:cell  bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
February 18, 2011, at 12:56 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 27-30 from:
The Library's Databases page provides a brief outline of each database's  scope, under the database title. 
A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use
the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].

to:
''' Finding the scope:'''
*the Library's Databases page provides a brief outline of each
database's  scope, under the database title. 
* more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under
the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=])
* you can often get a fairly good indication of a database's scope from the first page, and large databases like Lexis display an '+'''i'''+' icon next to most sources which links to a page of comprehensive detail about the scope of that source.
February 18, 2011, at 12:44 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 26-28 from:
Several of our  databases contain material from other jurisdictions.  A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
to:

The Library's Databases page provides a brief outline of each database's  scope, under the database title.
 
A
more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
February 18, 2011, at 12:41 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 20 from:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the ''scope'' of that database. 
to:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the '' [=scope=] '' of that database. 
February 18, 2011, at 12:41 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 22 from:
[='''scope:'''=]
to:
''' [=scope=]: '''
February 18, 2011, at 12:40 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 22 from:
'''scope:'''
to:
[='''scope:'''=]
February 18, 2011, at 12:40 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 22 from:
'''scope:'' 
to:
'''scope:'''
February 18, 2011, at 12:40 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed lines 22-23 from:

'''[=scope:=]''
to:
'''scope:''
February 18, 2011, at 12:39 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 23 from:
[='''scope:''=]
to:
'''[=scope:=]''
February 18, 2011, at 12:39 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
Changed line 20 from:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online. 
to:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online because it's outside the ''scope'' of that database
Added lines 22-26:

[='''scope:''=]
*the type of material in the database, e.g. legislation, case law, articles, commentary, etc.
* the time period covered for that material
*whether the database provides [=full text=] access
February 18, 2011, at 11:58 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
February 18, 2011, at 11:57 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 117 from:
Sometimes a ''[=field search=]'' would be more appropriate (see [[#field|Field searching]],  below)
to:
Sometimes a ''[=field search=]'' would be more appropriate - see [[#field|Field searching]]  below. 
February 18, 2011, at 11:56 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 113 from:
Now you are ready to feed your search into the database.  For most searches you will just use the  main search box, for a general ''([=free text=])'' search. Sometimes you may need to do a ''[=field search=]'' (see [[#field|Field searching]],  below).
to:
Now you are ready to feed your search into the database.  For most searches you will just use the  main search box, for a general ''([=free text=])'' search.
Changed lines 117-118 from:
to:
Sometimes a ''[=field search=]'' would be more appropriate (see [[#field|Field searching]],  below). 
Added lines 180-181:

Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial free text search first.
February 18, 2011, at 11:54 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 119-120 from:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.*'''[=free text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
to:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.
*'''[=free text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
February 18, 2011, at 11:54 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 117 from:
The ''[=search template=]'' may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
to:
Changed lines 119-120 from:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of a single or several search boxes
*'''[=free
text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
to:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.*'''[=free text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
February 18, 2011, at 11:51 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 119 from:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of one or several search boxes
to:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of a single or several search boxes
February 18, 2011, at 11:49 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 117 from:
The ''[=search template=]''may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
to:
The ''[=search template=]'' may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
Changed line 119 from:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of a single or several search boxes
to:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of one or several search boxes
February 18, 2011, at 11:48 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 117 from:
A database's [=search screen =] - the ''[=search template=]'' - may consist of just one search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or it may have several boxes with different titles (e.g., author, title, journal)  which are  known as ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
to:
The ''[=search template=]''may consist of a single search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or  several labelled boxes (author, title, journal, case name, etc.)  which are ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
February 18, 2011, at 11:45 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 121 from:
*'''[=field or  segment search=]''': &nbsp; a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below.
to:
*'''[=field or  segment search=]''' &nbsp; - a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below.
February 18, 2011, at 11:44 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Deleted lines 118-120:


What they mean:
February 18, 2011, at 11:44 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Added line 117:
A database's [=search screen =] - the ''[=search template=]'' - may consist of just one search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or it may have several boxes with different titles (e.g., author, title, journal)  which are  known as ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
Changed line 119 from:
A database's [=search screen =] - the ''[=search template=]'' - may consist of just one search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or it may have several boxes with different titles (e.g., author, title, journal)  which are  known as ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.
to:
February 18, 2011, at 11:42 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 94-95 from:
Note:'''  Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.
to:
'''Note:''' &nbsp;  Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.
February 18, 2011, at 11:41 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
February 18, 2011, at 11:38 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Added line 94:
Note:'''  Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.
Changed lines 101-102 from:
'''Using AND and OR in the same search:'''\\
Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.
to:
February 18, 2011, at 11:36 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 98 from:
&nbsp;&nbsp; minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)
to:
minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)
February 18, 2011, at 11:35 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 100 from:
'''A note about using AND and OR in the same search:'''\\
to:
'''Using AND and OR in the same search:'''\\
February 18, 2011, at 11:35 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 34 from:
* choose relevant keywords for your topic; the more keywords you add, the narrower your search becomes
to:
* choose relevant keywords for your topic
February 18, 2011, at 11:34 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed lines 34-35 from:
* choose relevant keywords for your topic
** the more keywords you add, the narrower your search becomes
to:
* choose relevant keywords for your topic; the more keywords you add, the narrower your search becomes
February 18, 2011, at 11:33 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Deleted line 34:
February 18, 2011, at 11:33 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
Changed line 22 from:
Several of our  contain material from other jurisdictions.  A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
to:
Several of our  databases contain material from other jurisdictions.  A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
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Databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc. contain material from other jurisdictions.
A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
to:
Several of our  contain material from other jurisdictions. A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
February 18, 2011, at 11:31 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=] Home page.
to:
A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=][= Home page=].
February 18, 2011, at 11:31 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this wiki under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=] Home page.
to:
A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this [=wiki=] under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=] Home page.
February 18, 2011, at 11:30 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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Your choice of database depends on the type of content you are looking for
to:
Your choice of database depends on the type of content you are looking for:
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A brief outline of their '''scope''' (what they contain) is included under their title in the Library's Databases page. A more detailed description of the main law databases is included in this wiki under the database name (use the Jump To menu on the  [=wiki's=] Home page.
February 18, 2011, at 11:24 AM by 130.217.128.37 -
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Brookers Online  includes NZ legislation, case law and commentary, while databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc. contain material from other jurisdictions.
to:
e.g. if it's not NZ legislation or case law, then don't search Brookers Online.
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''Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 (HL)'' - this is a UK case, so you won't find it in any of the case law libraries in Brookers Online - they're for NZ cases.
to:
Databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc. contain material from other jurisdictions.
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Your choice of database depends on the type of content you are looking for
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The database you need to use depends on the type of content you are looking for
* e
.g. Brookers Online  includes NZ legislation, case law and commentary. Databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc. would be useful for articles from other jurisdictions.
to:

Brookers Online  includes NZ legislation, case law and commentary, while databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc
. contain material from other jurisdictions.
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''Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 (HL)'' - this is a UK case, so you won't find it in any of the case law libraries in Brookers Online - they're for NZ cases.
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(:cell width=40%:)
''Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 (HL)'' - this is a UK case, so you won't find it in any of the case law libraries in Brookers Online - they're for NZ cases.

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''Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 (HL)'' - this is a UK case, so you won't find it in any of the case law libraries in Brookers Online - they're for NZ cases.
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[[#field]]
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*'''[=field or  segment search=]''': &nbsp; a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below. 
to:
*'''[=field or  segment search=]''': &nbsp; a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below.
 
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[[#trunc]]
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[[#trunc]]
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[[#phr]]
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'''Phrase searching[[#phr]]'''
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'''Phrase searching '''
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[[#field]]
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'''[=Field=] searching''' [[#field]]
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'''[=Field=] searching'''
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!!!Not enough / No [=results=][[#not]]
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[[#not]]

!!!Not enough / No [=results=] 
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!!!Too many [=results=][[#too]]
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[[#too]]

!!!Too many [=results=]
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[[#and]]
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[[#and]]
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[[#state]]
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[[#state]]
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(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)[[#key]]
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[[#key]]
(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :) 
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[[<<]]
to:
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[[#key]]
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(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)[[#key]]
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[[#spell]]
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'''Spelling'''  [[#spell]]
to:
'''Spelling''' 
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[[#tool|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;
to:
[[#smart|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;
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!!!Smart searching - refining your search
to:
!!!Smart searching - refining your search[[#smart]]
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%center%'''Page contents'''&nbsp; [[#concepts|The Basics]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#keywords|Keywords]]&nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#problems|Too Few/Too Many results]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#tips|Top Tips]]
(:divend:)
[[#concepts]]

!!!The Basics


# Think about '''what''' you are looking for and '''where''' you are likely to find it. After all there is no point looking for a UK judgment in a New Zealand database like Brookers!
#
[[Primary and secondary sources|Primary and secondary materials]] might appear in different sources from either other so bear thing in mind for your research.
#
What a database covers is called its scope.  The [=scope=] of each of the Library's subscription databases can be found along with their names under the respective subject areas. It should tell you about currency and give you an idea about whether you'll find full text material.
# Indexing databases such as LegalTrac may provide links to other databases that do have the full content .... you may well find yourself starting in one database but ending up in another.

 
[[#keywords]]
!!!Keywords
# Keywords are the key (i.e., most important and relevant) words that you are going to use in your database search.
# If using an unfamiliar database it is useful to look at a record or two to see the kind of language that is used. The language used in a university law review will be more formal and probably involve more legal jargon than that used in a more general journal article about a similar subject.
#If your database is compiled in the USA you may need to be aware of %newwin%[[American jargon, phrases and spelling]].  This %newwin% [[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm  |'spelling game']] will give you practice identifying UK and US spelling and terminology.   
#It is important to be familiar with truncation symbols and search operators - unfortunately these symbols, the way they are used, and the best way to construct searches can vary between databases.
to:
%center% '''Page contents:''' &nbsp;  [[#search|'''Setting up a search:''']] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#what|Content type]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#key|Keywords]] &nbsp; &nbsp;    [[#and|Connecting the keywords]] &nbsp; - &nbsp; [[#state| Search statement]]\\
[[
#tool|'''Smart searching:''' ]] &nbsp; [[#trunc|Truncation]]  &nbsp; -  &nbsp;  [[#phr|Phrases]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp;
[[#field|Field searching]]\\
[[#res|'''Results:''']]  &nbsp;  [[#not|Not enough (broaden your search)]] &nbsp; -  &nbsp; 
[[#too|Too many (narrow your search)]]\\


!!!Setting up a search

(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
[[#what]]
(:cell  bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
'''1 &nbsp;
What type of content do you need?'''
(:cell width
=40%:)
* cases? legislation? articles? books?
* which jurisdiction?
(:cell width=40%:)
The database you need to use depends on
the type of content you are looking for
* e.g. Brookers Online  includes NZ legislation, case law and commentary. Databases such as LegalTrac, Lexis, Westlaw etc. would be useful for articles from other jurisdictions.
(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)
[[#key]]
'''2 &nbsp; Choose appropriate keywords'''
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!!!Too Few or Too Many [=Results=] [[#problems]]

'''Increasing your [=Result=] Count'''\\
There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no results - here are a few tips on how to get more from
your search:
*Make sure you are in the correct database for your needs
* Check your spelling - incorrect spelling often gives no [=search results=]
* Use an expander like [@OR@], e.g., [@murder OR homicide@] rather than just [@murder@]
* If using a phrase be sure to use one that you are certain will appear in the literature
* Try the search using alternative keywords -
e.g.,  use [@juvenile@] instead of [@youth@]
* Use truncators at the end of a word or a wildcard  to account for spelling variations and different forms of a word.


'''Reducing Your List of [=Results=]'''\\
Sometimes your database search will bring back literally thousands of [=results=].
  This is particularly the case when searching the big international databases like [[Lexis]] and [[Westlaw]]. There are a number of ways to get around this problem:
* Add extra keywords to get more specific [=results=]
* Use a phrase where appropriate, i.e., use something like  [@ "armed robbery" @]  instead of  [@robbery and weapon@]
*
  Use field / segment searching to limit the parts of the document you are searching (e.g., article title, case name, etc.)
* If you are using a terms and connectors search in [[Westlaw ]] remember that the database considers a space to be the same thing as putting [@ OR @] between two terms.  Typing in  &nbsp; [@ restorative justice @] &nbsp;  searches for either  &nbsp; [@restorative@]  &nbsp; ''or''  &nbsp; [@justice@], but not necessarily both.
* Some databases such as LegalTrac provide hyperlinked suggested keywords and subject terms for [=results=], so choose  a  really useful looking [=result=] and click on the most appropriate subject hyperlink to focus your search.
*  You may also be able to limit by date, this is particularly useful if you only want [=results=] from a very narrow time period.
* A case title search using a single extremely common name such as Smith or Jones etc. can be time consuming. You may need to include some more specific details like court or judge or subject area.


(:table border=0 width=100% align=center cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=left:)
!!!Top Tips [[#tips]]
to:
''keywords:''\\
- terms which  best represent a topic and which you expect to be present in all of the search [=results=]
(:cell :)
* choose relevant keywords for your topic

** the more keywords you add, the narrower
your search becomes
* use language which is appropriate to the type of material you are searching, e.g. legislation
* don't need to specify the type of material required - you will already be using the  appropriate database for that content!
[[<<]]
'''Spelling'''  [[#spell]]
*Spelling and terms vary between countries so you need to consider this when searching US content in databases,
e.g.,
&nbsp; &nbsp; [@labour@] (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; [@labor@] (US)\\
&nbsp; &nbsp; [@drugs@] (NZ) &nbsp; = &nbsp; [@narcotics@] (US)
* Have
a look at the wiki's  %newwin%[[American jargon, phrases and spelling]]
(:cell :)
Useful keywords  for information on selling  alcohol  to minors could be minors; alcohol; liquor; selling.

Consider including
  synonyms in a search: &nbsp; [@liquor or alcohol@] &nbsp;

The language for legislation is more formal than that in books and articles

'''Don't start your search with
:'''\\
&nbsp; [@articles about ...@]\\
&nbsp; [@cases on ...@
]\\
&nbsp; [@legislation dealing with
...@]


Try our %newwin%
[[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm  |'spelling game'!]] - see if you can identify NZ and US spelling and terminology.
Changed lines 55-64 from:
(:table border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=90% align=center cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10 :)
(:cell align=left width=80% bgcolor=#f2f2f2:)
'''Searching tips'''
(:cell align=center width=10% bgcolor=#f2f2f2:)
'''Listen to our top tips interview'''
(:cellnr:)
*Sometimes the simplest searches are the best.  It pays to start with basic terms and narrow or broaden your search as required.
*Most databases have a help screen that gives you information on how to search and use the database, take a few minutes to look at these when using a database for the first time.
(:cell align=center:)
(:html:)<script language="JavaScript" src="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/audio-player.js"></script><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/player.swf" id="audioplayer1" height="24" width="290"><param name="movie" value="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/player.swf"><param name="FlashVars" value="playerID=1&amp;soundFile=http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/DatabaseSearchingTips.mp3"><param name="quality" value="high"><param name="menu" value="false"><param name="wmode" value="transparent"></object><script language="JavaScript" src="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/flash_detect.js"></script><script type="text/javascript">if(!FlashDetect.installed){document.write('<a href="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/DatabaseSearchingTips.mp3">Listen</a>');}</script>(:htmlend:)
to:
%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20% :)
[[#and]]
'''3 &nbsp; Connecting the keywords'''
[[<<]]

- ''the Boolean operators:\\
AND, OR and NOT''
(:cell width=40%:)
In database searching the words AND, OR  and NOT are treated as 'connectors' - tools for connecting keywords. You can use more than one connector in a search.

'''AND'''
*you want all the keywords in the search to be present in all [=results=]
* this narrows the search

'''OR'''
* for words of similar meaning; either this or that term, or both, in all [=results=]
* this broadens the search


'''NOT'''
* eliminates results which contain the specified keyword
* this narrows the search
* ''be careful with this one'' - you could miss out on some useful results
(:cell width=40%:)
* Using AND
&nbsp; &nbsp; minors and alcohol and selling

* Using OR
&nbsp; &nbsp; alcohol or liquor

* Using AND and OR in the same search
&nbsp; &nbsp; minors  and (alcohol  or  liquor)

* Using NOT
&nbsp; &nbsp; minor* not minority and alcohol

* Using more than one operator
&nbsp;&nbsp; minor* not minority and sell* and (alcohol or liquor)

'''A note about using AND and OR in the same search:'''\\
Databases automatically search the AND part of the search first and then OR, which can produce some useless results. In order to force the database to give priority to the OR part first you need to put brackets around that section.
(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)
[[#state]]
'''4 &nbsp; Putting it all together - the [=Search statement=]'''\\
[[<<]]

''[=search statement=]''\\
- a compilation of two or more keywords usually connected with AND

(:cell    :)
Now you are ready to feed your search into the database.  For most searches you will just use the  main search box, for a general ''([=free text=])'' search. Sometimes you may need to do a ''[=field search=]'' (see [[#field|Field searching]],  below). 
* use at least 2 keywords in your search - you can imagine how many [=results=] you'd get for a single one!
* put the most important keyword first, even if it looks slightly illogical

(:cell    :)
A database's [=search screen =] - the ''[=search template=]'' - may consist of just one search box for ''[=free text=]'' searching, or it may have several boxes with different titles (e.g., author, title, journal)  which are  known as ''[=fields=]''.  Until you're a confident database user it's a good idea to try out an initial ''[=free text=]'' search first.

What they mean:
* '''[=search template=]''' &nbsp; - a database's search page, which consists of a single or several search boxes
*'''[=free text=] search'''  &nbsp; - a general search targeted at all parts of each [=document=] in the database, using the main search box
*'''[=field or  segment search=]''': &nbsp; a tailored search using dedicated sections of the [=search template=] so as to indicate that only the specified parts of each [=document=] are searched - see [[#field|Field searching]] below. 
Changed lines 119-121 from:

[[Database search symbols]]
[[<<]]
to:
%center% [[#monobook_topofpage| &#9650; Top &#9650;]]
!!!Smart searching - refining your search
(:table  width=100% align=center border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0  cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10:)
(:cell bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
[[#trunc]]
'''[=Truncation=]'''

- replacing the last part of a keyword with a database-specified symbol to find related words starting with the same root.
(:cell width=40%:)
* use [=truncation=] where appropriate to ensure that keywords which different word endings
* the [=truncation=] symbol is specified by the database, and are usually either an asterix ''''+*+'''' or an exclamation mark ''''+!+''''
* shorten the keyword at a ''logical'' point - see examples in next column
(:cell width=40%:)
'''Good [=truncation=]:'''\\
&nbsp; '''sell*'''  &nbsp; (sell, sells, selling, sellers)\\
&nbsp; '''minor*''' &nbsp; (minor, minors, minority, minorities)\\
&nbsp; '''alcohol*''' &nbsp; (alcohol, alcoholic, alcoholics, alcoholism)


'''Poor [=truncation=]:'''\\
&nbsp; '''sells*''' &nbsp; (sells)\\
&nbsp; '''minors*''' &nbsp; (minors)\\
&nbsp; '''alcoholics*''' &nbsp; (alcoholics)
(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 :)
'''Phrase searching[[#phr]]'''

- ensuring that two or more keywords appear in each result in the order entered and with no intervening words
(:cell    :)
* legal terms include short phrases - ''professional negligence'', ''misuse of drugs'', ''resource management'' ...
* if you want results to have your keywords together use a phrase, put speech marks either side of the keywords
** e.g. [@"constitutional law"@] rather than [@constitutional and law @]
*don't make up a phrase - it has to be a likely one
* avoid long phrases
* you can use a combination of keywords and phrases in the same search statement
(:cell    :)
'''Be careful with phrases''' - you could miss out on potentially useful documents. Rather than making up a phrase, use separate keywords: e.g.,
* "resource management consent for a marina" - better as\\
&nbsp; "resource management" and consent and marina
* "selling alcohol to minors" - better as\\
&nbsp; minor* and alcohol and sell*\\
(note the use of truncation!)
(:cellnr bgcolor=#f2f2f2 width=20%:)
'''[=Field=] searching''' [[#field]]

- the database searches specified parts rather than all parts of each [=document=]
(:cell :)
As well as a general "free text" search option,  most databases include an Advanced [=search template=] which allows [=field=] searching. This is very useful if you know e.g., the title or author, case name, name of the Act, etc. 
* make sure you select the appropriate field
* you can use more than one field in a search, e.g., author and title -  especially useful for  Author or Case Title searches for popular names like  Smith or Jones!
* Lexis uses the term "[=segment=]" instead of  "[=field=]"

(:cell:)
Every document in a database [=document=] is divided into several logical parts: an article would include  article title, author,  summary and journal details,  and a court judgment would be divided up into  case title, court, judge, date, etc.
*each part is a ''[=field=]'' with its own label
*database [=search engines=] are tailored to correspond to the designated fields
* our [[using the library catalogue|Library catalogue]] has fields on the Basic Search page  (Title begins with / Author / Subject begins with / etc.) and under most of the red tabs (not New Books, of course!)

The online phone directory is a database and its records are divided up into name and location 
[=fields=].
%center float% Attach:white_thumb.png


(:tableend:)


!!![=Results=][[#res]]
Scan the first few [=results=] to determine whether they're useful and to get a feel for the kind of language that is used. Consider whether the [=keywords=] in your [=search statement=] adequate and appropriate. 



!!!Not enough / No [=results=][[#not]]
*There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no [=results=]. The  most common reasons for  this are:
# are you using the correct database? - see [[#content|Content]] 
# are there any typing errors
# if you are using an American database are the terms and spelling appropriate?  - see [[#spell|Spelling]]
# are the keywords you are using appropriate for the material you need  - see [[#key|Keywords]]

'''Broadening your search'''
*use synonyms to ''broaden'' your search e.g., [@murder OR homicide@] rather than just [@murder@] - see [[#key|Keywords]]
*if you have used a phrase it might be  better as separate keywords - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
*determine whether some of the keywords could be truncated, or whether you have truncated them in the wrong place. - see [[#trunc|Truncation]]

!!!Too many [=results=][[#too]]
'''Narrowing your search'''
* add extra keywords - see [[#state|Putting it all together]]
* a phrase could be more useful than separate keywords, e.g. &nbsp; [@ "armed robbery" @]  instead of &nbsp;  [@robbery and weapon@] &nbsp;  - see [[#phr|Phrases]]
*  use the  Advanced Search option to limit your search to specific [[#field|fields]] e.g., article title, case name, etc - see [[#field|Field searching]]
*  limit by date if you prefer [=results=] from a specific time period
* if your database provides  suggested keywords and subject terms after your initial search, consider using some of these instead (Lexis and LegalTrac have this function)
February 10, 2011, at 08:51 AM by 130.217.128.31 -
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# Think about '''what''' you are looking for and '''where''' you are likely to find it. After all there is no point looking for a UK judgment in a New Zealand database like %newwin%[[Brookers Online|Brookers]]!
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# Think about '''what''' you are looking for and '''where''' you are likely to find it. After all there is no point looking for a UK judgment in a New Zealand database like Brookers!
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# Indexing databases such as [[LegalTrac]] may provide links to other databases that do have the full content .... you may well find yourself starting in one database but ending up in another.
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# Indexing databases such as LegalTrac may provide links to other databases that do have the full content .... you may well find yourself starting in one database but ending up in another.
February 02, 2011, at 05:01 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[Database search symbols]]
February 02, 2011, at 05:00 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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!!!Too Few or Too Many [=Results=] [[#problems]]

'''Increasing your [=Result=] Count'''\\
There are times when your search seems to bring back very few or even no results - here are a few tips on how to get more from your search:
*Make sure you are in the correct database for your needs
* Check your spelling - incorrect spelling often gives no [=search results=]
* Use an expander like [@OR@], e.g., [@murder OR homicide@] rather than just [@murder@]
* If using a phrase be sure to use one that you are certain will appear in the literature
* Try the search using alternative keywords - e.g.,  use [@juvenile@] instead of [@youth@]
* Use truncators at the end of a word or a wildcard  to account for spelling variations and different forms of a word.


'''Reducing Your List of [=Results=]'''\\
Sometimes your database search will bring back literally thousands of [=results=].  This is particularly the case when searching the big international databases like [[Lexis]] and [[Westlaw]]. There are a number of ways to get around this problem:
* Add extra keywords to get more specific [=results=]
* Use a phrase where appropriate, i.e., use something like  [@ "armed robbery" @]  instead of  [@robbery and weapon@]
*  Use field / segment searching to limit the parts of the document you are searching (e.g., article title, case name, etc.)
* If you are using a terms and connectors search in [[Westlaw ]] remember that the database considers a space to be the same thing as putting [@ OR @] between two terms.  Typing in  &nbsp; [@ restorative justice @] &nbsp;  searches for either  &nbsp; [@restorative@]  &nbsp; ''or''  &nbsp; [@justice@], but not necessarily both.
* Some databases such as LegalTrac provide hyperlinked suggested keywords and subject terms for [=results=], so choose  a  really useful looking [=result=] and click on the most appropriate subject hyperlink to focus your search.
*  You may also be able to limit by date, this is particularly useful if you only want [=results=] from a very narrow time period.
* A case title search using a single extremely common name such as Smith or Jones etc. can be time consuming. You may need to include some more specific details like court or judge or subject area.


(:table border=0 width=100% align=center cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5:)
(:cell align=left:)
!!!Top Tips [[#tips]]
(:tableend:)
(:table border=1 bordercolor=#e0e0e0 width=90% align=center cellpadding=10 cellspacing=10 :)
(:cell align=left width=80% bgcolor=#f2f2f2:)
'''Searching tips'''
(:cell align=center width=10% bgcolor=#f2f2f2:)
'''Listen to our top tips interview'''
(:cellnr:)
*Sometimes the simplest searches are the best.  It pays to start with basic terms and narrow or broaden your search as required.
*Most databases have a help screen that gives you information on how to search and use the database, take a few minutes to look at these when using a database for the first time.
(:cell align=center:)
(:html:)<script language="JavaScript" src="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/audio-player.js"></script><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/player.swf" id="audioplayer1" height="24" width="290"><param name="movie" value="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/player.swf"><param name="FlashVars" value="playerID=1&amp;soundFile=http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/DatabaseSearchingTips.mp3"><param name="quality" value="high"><param name="menu" value="false"><param name="wmode" value="transparent"></object><script language="JavaScript" src="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/flash_detect.js"></script><script type="text/javascript">if(!FlashDetect.installed){document.write('<a href="http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/audio/DatabaseSearchingTips.mp3">Listen</a>');}</script>(:htmlend:)
(:tableend:)

[[<<]]
February 02, 2011, at 04:59 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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%center%'''Page contents''':  &nbsp; [[#concepts|The Basics]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#keywords|Keywords]]&nbsp;  | &nbsp; [[#compar|Search Symbols]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#problems|Too Few/Too Many results]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#tips|Top Tips]]
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%center%'''Page contents''':  &nbsp; [[#concepts|The Basics]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#keywords|Keywords]]&nbsp;  | &nbsp;  [[#problems|Too Few/Too Many results]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#tips|Top Tips]]
February 02, 2011, at 04:59 PM by 130.217.128.35 -
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[[<<]]
(:div:)
%center%'''Page contents''':  &nbsp; [[#concepts|The Basics]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#keywords|Keywords]]&nbsp;  | &nbsp; [[#compar|Search Symbols]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#problems|Too Few/Too Many results]] &nbsp; | &nbsp; [[#tips|Top Tips]]
(:divend:)
[[#concepts]]

!!!The Basics


# Think about '''what''' you are looking for and '''where''' you are likely to find it. After all there is no point looking for a UK judgment in a New Zealand database like %newwin%[[Brookers Online|Brookers]]!
# [[Primary and secondary sources|Primary and secondary materials]] might appear in different sources from either other so bear thing in mind for your research.
# What a database covers is called its scope.  The [=scope=] of each of the Library's subscription databases can be found along with their names under the respective subject areas. It should tell you about currency and give you an idea about whether you'll find full text material.
# Indexing databases such as [[LegalTrac]] may provide links to other databases that do have the full content .... you may well find yourself starting in one database but ending up in another.

 
[[#keywords]]
!!!Keywords
# Keywords are the key (i.e., most important and relevant) words that you are going to use in your database search.
# If using an unfamiliar database it is useful to look at a record or two to see the kind of language that is used. The language used in a university law review will be more formal and probably involve more legal jargon than that used in a more general journal article about a similar subject.
#If your database is compiled in the USA you may need to be aware of %newwin%[[American jargon, phrases and spelling]].  This %newwin% [[http://law.waikato.ac.nz:8080/lrs/hp/USUK.htm  |'spelling game']] will give you practice identifying UK and US spelling and terminology.   
#It is important to be familiar with truncation symbols and search operators - unfortunately these symbols, the way they are used, and the best way to construct searches can vary between databases.
[[<<]]